Jan Holt

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AIM The prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR) and eczema among children has increased worldwide in the last four decades, but recent studies disagree as to whether the prevalence is continuing to rise or is levelling off or declining. The aim of this study was to assess time trends in a subarctic population. METHODS A cross-sectional,(More)
Eculizumab is a humanized IgG2/4 chimeric anti-complement C5 antibody used to treat patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) or atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether or not the complement activity in newborns from pregnant women who receive eculizumab is impaired. A novel eculizumab-C5 complex(More)
INTRODUCTION Exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) measurements are recommended to be performed before spirometry and exercise challenge tests because forced breathing might influence FENO values. Information on the effect of exercise on FENO is lacking in non-asthmatic children. AIM   To investigate the effect on FENO of a standardized exercise challenge test on a(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of asthma and allergy in children is lower in Eastern than Western Europe. METHODS We have compared the prevalence of asthma, respiratory symptoms, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic dermatitis in schoolchildren aged 7-13 years in a questionnaire-based study conducted in the city of Nikel on(More)
BACKGROUND As small obstetrical departments may not be able to give second-level perinatal care, the delivery unit at Lofoten hospital was for the years 1997-98 reorganized to a modified midwife managed unit. Women at low obstetrical risk were delivered at this unit and women at high risk were referred to the central hospital. We assessed the effectiveness(More)
The prevalence of asthma and allergy in children is increasing. In order to investigate time trends, follow-up studies conducted several years apart and with identical study designs are essential. We compared two identical, cross-sectional and questionnaire-based studies of asthma and allergy in north-Norwegian schoolchildren (7-13 years of age). The first(More)
BACKGROUND Quality assessment of perinatal care can be carried out by classifying perinatal deaths. In the following we have analyzed the geographical contrasts in perinatal deaths according to the Nordic-Baltic perinatal death classification in a sparsely populated Norwegian county. MATERIAL AND METHODS All stillbirths (> or =28 weeks of gestation) and(More)
Among children in the western world, atopic diseases are a major cause of morbidity. However, several prevalence studies have indicated that the frequency of these diseases displays both geographic and ethnic variations. In 1995, we conducted a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey in northern Norway. Atopic diseases among 8676 schoolchildren, aged(More)
For estimation of the prevalence, degree of severity, and association with outdoor pollution, a questionnaire on asthma and other atopic diseases was distributed to the parents of 4666 7-13-year-olds, comprising all the children in 36 schools in Telemark County, Norway, including 37% of the schoolchildren in the county. The response rate was 94%. In a(More)
Elderly, demented people often exhibit behavioral dyscontrol. Divalproex appears to be safe and effective in the management of this presentation. Twelve cases treated with divalproex all responded with improved emotional control. Patients became less verbally and physically disruptive and much more socially appropriate. Divalproex was well tolerated in this(More)