Jan Hofsteenge

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Among the posttranslational modifications of proteins, glycosylation is probably the most abundant one. Two main types of protein glycosylation have been known for several years, namely N-glycosylation and O-glycosylation. Their biochemical properties, structure and biosynthesis, have been described extensively. Their biological functions are also known for(More)
This study exploited alloreactivity of natural killer (NK) cells for augmenting the recognition of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To circumvent the inhibitory effect of killer immunoglobulin receptor (KIR) signaling, we generated NK-cell lines with single KIR specificities for major human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I allotypes. We demonstrated(More)
C-mannosylation of Trp-7 in human ribonuclease 2 (RNase 2) is a novel kind of protein glycosylation that differs fundamentally from N- and O-glycosylation in the protein-sugar linkage. Previously, we established that the specificity determinant of the acceptor substrate (RNase 2) consists of the sequence -x-x-W, where the first Trp becomes C-mannosylated.(More)
An important question in protein folding is whether the natural amino and carboxyl termini and the given order of secondary structure segments are critical to the stability and to the folding pathway of proteins. Here it is shown that two circularly permuted versions of the gene of a single-domain beta alpha barrel enzyme can be expressed in Escherichia(More)
C2-alpha-Mannosyltryptophan was discovered in human RNase 2, an enzyme that occurs in eosinophils and is involved in host defense. It represents a novel way of attaching carbohydrate to a protein in addition to the well-known N- and O-glycosylations. The reaction is specific, as in RNase 2 Trp-7, but never Trp-10, which is modified. In this article, we(More)
The Lec35 gene product (Lec35p) is required for utilization of the mannose donor mannose-P-dolichol (MPD) in synthesis of both lipid-linked oligosaccharides (LLOs) and glycosylphosphatidylinositols, which are important for functions such as protein folding and membrane anchoring, respectively. The hamster Lec35 gene is shown to encode the previously(More)
We have previously shown that DNA demethylation by chick embryo 5-methylcytosine (5-MeC)-DNA glycosylase needs both protein and RNA. RNA from enzyme purified by SDS-PAGE was isolated and cloned. The clones have an insert ranging from 240 to 670 bp and contained on average one CpG per 14 bases. All six clones tested had different sequences and did not have(More)
Glia-derived nexin (GDN) is a 43-kDa serine protease inhibitor with neurite promoting activity in mouse neuroblastoma cells (Guenther et al., 1985). In chick sympathetic neurons, GDN but not hirudin and synthetic peptide inhibitors promoted neurite outgrowth (Zurn et al., 1988). Thus, it was considered that the protease inhibitory activity cannot account(More)
The synthesis and enzymatic characterization of DUPAAA, a novel fluorogenic substrate for RNases of the pancreatic type is described. It consists of the dinucleotide uridylyl-3',5'-deoxyadenosine to which a fluorophore, o-aminobenzoic acid, and a quencher, 2,4-dinitroaniline, have been attached by means of phosphodiester linkages. Due to intramolecular(More)
The fungicidal type I chitinases contribute to the defense response of plants against pathogens. Two tobacco chitinases represent a different class of hydroxyproline-containing proteins. Hydroxyproline-rich proteins are predominantly extracellular, structural glycoproteins proteins that lack enzymatic activity and contain many hydroxyproline residues. In(More)
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