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Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a multidomain protein that has been implicated in cell adhesion, motility, and growth. Some of these functions have been localized to the three thrombospondin type 1 repeats (TSRs), modules of approximately 60 amino acids in length with conserved Cys and Trp residues. The Trp residues occur in WXXW patterns, which are the(More)
The protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) holoenzyme is structurally conserved among eukaryotes. This reflects a conservation of function in vivo because the human catalytic subunit (PP2Ac) functionally replaced the endogenous PP2Ac of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and bound the yeast regulatory PR65/A subunit (Tpd3p) forming a dimer. Yeast was employed as a novel(More)
Among the posttranslational modifications of proteins, glycosylation is probably the most abundant one. Two main types of protein glycosylation have been known for several years, namely N-glycosylation and O-glycosylation. Their biochemical properties, structure and biosynthesis, have been described extensively. Their biological functions are also known for(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (polycation-stimulated protein phosphatase L) was purified from porcine kidney and skeletal muscle. The 36-kDa catalytic and the 65-kDa putative regulatory (hereafter termed PR65) subunits of protein phosphatase 2A2 were separated by reverse-phase HPLC. Partial amino acid sequence data (300 residues) was obtained for PR65. Molecular(More)
AU-rich elements within the 3' untranslated region of transcripts of lymphokines and some protooncogenes serve as signal for rapid mRNA degradation. By using an AUUUA matrix, we have affinity-purified a 32-kDa protein, microsequenced it, and cloned the corresponding cDNA. In vitro, the recombinant protein bound specifically to AU-rich transcripts, including(More)
Alpha-dystroglycanopathies such as Walker Warburg syndrome represent an important subgroup of the muscular dystrophies that have been related to defective O-mannosylation of alpha-dystroglycan. In many patients, the underlying genetic etiology remains unsolved. Isolated muscular dystrophy has not been described in the congenital disorders of glycosylation(More)
Ribonucleases can be cytotoxic if they retain their ribonucleolytic activity in the cytosol. The cytosolic ribonucleolytic activity of ribonuclease A (RNase A) and other pancreatic-type ribonucleases is limited by the presence of excess ribonuclease inhibitor (RI). RI is a 50-kDa cytosolic scavenger of pancreatic-type ribonucleases that competitively(More)
A cDNA encoding porcine ribonuclease inhibitor was used to express this protein in yeast under control of the PHO5 promoter. The recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity with a yield of 0.2 mg/g of yeast cells (wet weight) and was found to be indistinguishable from the inhibitor isolated from porcine liver on the basis of the following criteria: the(More)
We report a new type of linkage between a carbohydrate and a protein, involving the rarely modified side chain of a tryptophan residue. An aldohexopyranosyl residue was found to be linked via a C-C bond to the indole ring of the tryptophan residue at position 7 of human RNase Us. Mass spectrometric analysis of peptides containing this residue showed a(More)
3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) plays a central role in signal transduction pathways that activate phosphoinositide 3-kinase. Despite its key role as an upstream activator of enzymes such as protein kinase B and p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase, the regulatory mechanisms controlling PDK1 activity are poorly understood. PDK1 has been(More)