Jan Hinnerk Mehrkens

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INTRODUCTION Primary generalized dystonia is a rare movement disorder. Medical treatment rarely relieves symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of bilateral pallidal stimulation in 6 children and adolescents with primary generalized dystonia. In addition, we strived to find predictors for treatment outcome by review and(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical dystonia is managed mainly by repeated botulinum toxin injections. We aimed to establish whether pallidal neurostimulation could improve symptoms in patients not adequately responding to chemodenervation or oral drug treatment. METHODS In this randomised, sham-controlled trial, we recruited patients with cervical dystonia from centres(More)
Primary generalized dystonia presents mainly at a young age and commonly is severely disabling. The authors report the long-term follow-up (mean, 73 months; range, 50-101 months) of 5 pediatric patients (mean age at surgery 13 years; range, 8-16 years) undergoing globus pallidus internus deep brain stimulation. Mean improvement in the Burke-Fahn-Marsden(More)
Impaired cerebral vascular reserve (CVR) in patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion is regarded as a possible indication for performing extra-/intracranial (EC/IC) bypass surgery. As perfusion MR imaging (MRI) can demonstrate cerebral haemodynamics at capillary level, our hypothesis was that perfusion MRI could be used in these(More)
Objective To explore prospectively the positive predictive value of O-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine (FET)–PET in selected patients with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based suspicion of a glioma recurrence or progression. Methods Patients with a supratentorial glioma (initial World Health Organization (WHO) grade II, III or IV) were considered(More)
Moyamoya (“hazy puff-of-smoke”) disease represents a rare condition with progressive narrowing and occlusion of basal cranial vessels with secondary specific neoangiogenesis; we report on a 25-year-old primigravida with known moyamoya disease who suffered from acute bilateral intraventricular haemorrhage at 24 weeks gestation. She underwent bilateral(More)
BACKGROUNDS Deep brain stimulation is widely used for the treatment of movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease and dystonia. After the implantation of electrodes an immediate improvement of clinical symptoms has been described. It is unclear, whether movement kinematics are also changed by this 'microlesion effect'. METHODS To gain further insight(More)
The basal ganglia (BG) are involved in gait. This notion is exemplified by observations that gait is disturbed by most diseases that affect the BG. However, it is unclear in what way the BG are activated during gait. One method to investigate the activity of the BG is to record local field potentials (LFPs) from electrodes placed in the BG for therapeutic(More)
Depth recordings from the basal ganglia of patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) or dystonia have revealed local field potential (LFP) activity in specific frequency bands. Depth recordings also allow us to study LFP power spectra during different types of limb movements, thus helping to elucidate the role of the basal ganglia in specific motor(More)
We present a patient with severe essential tremor (ET), who underwent thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS). After previous medical treatment with Propranolol and Primidone failed, the patient resorted to alcohol, which greatly alleviated the symptoms. The downside of this situation, however, was that it led to alcoholism with severely disturbed liver(More)