Jan Harald Baars

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Target-controlled infusion, via the calculated effect compartment concentrations, may help anaesthesiologists to titrate anaesthetic depth and to shorten recovery from anaesthesia. METHODS In this prospective, randomized clinical study, we compared the performance of six inexperienced anaesthesiologists with <1 yr of training(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Derived parameters of the electroencephalogram and auditory evoked potentials can be used to determine depth of anaesthesia and sedation. However, it is not known whether any parameter can identify the occurrence of awareness in individual patients. We have compared the performance of bispectral index and a new composite index(More)
The nociceptive flexion reflex (NFR) has become a popular tool in experimental and clinical pain research. However, the gradual decrease of the reflex size during repeated application of stimuli, which is termed habituation, may reduce its validity and the comparability of studies. We investigated the degree of habituation at different inter-stimulus(More)
BACKGROUND Potentiation of inhibitory transmissions in the spinal cord is considered to be an important mechanism for the mediation of the immobilizing effects of anesthetics. However, the depressant effects on motoneurons could be counterbalanced by presynaptic effects that inhibit the depressant pathways. Here we investigated the effect of sevoflurane on(More)
BACKGROUND The spinal H-reflex has been shown to correlate with surgical immobility, i.e., the absence of motor responses to noxious stimulation, during isoflurane anesthesia. Here, the authors established individual concentration-response functions for H-reflex amplitude and tested the predictive power of the H-reflex for movement responses during(More)
In this technical note, a conveniently sized, single-channel somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP)-stimulation-recording unit for bedside use in the intensive care unit is presented. The validation of the SEP N20 wave in intensive care guidelines as initial parameter for the prognostic evaluation of cardiac arrest has increased the demand for a more(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of movement responses to noxious stimuli during anaesthesia is of clinical importance. Susceptibility of a parameter of immobility to both hypnotic and analgesic influences could pose an advantage. Here, nociceptive reflexes might be useful, but data regarding the suppression by hypnotic substances are scarce. Therefore, we compared(More)
OBJECTIVE The nociceptive blink reflex is a trigeminofacial brain-stem reflex which is used in pain research to evaluate the modulation of pain processing. To standardize the analysis of the reflex we investigated which electromyographic parameters show the best correlation with subjective pain ratings and should therefore be used for scoring blink reflex(More)
INTRODUCTION The nociceptive flexion reflex threshold (NFRT) is a promising tool to monitor analgesia during general anaesthesia. Clinical studies have shown that the NFRT allows to predict movement responses to painful stimuli under a combined anaesthetic regime of sedative and opioid agents. Experimental studies indicated that the NFRT is also able to(More)