Learn More
The expiration reflex (ER) is a forced expiratory effort against a closed glottis that subsequently opens to eject laryngeal debris and prevent aspiration of material. It is distinct from the cough reflex. Its source is usually assumed to be restricted to the larynx and vocal folds, and its possible origin from the tracheobronchial (TB) tree has been(More)
Studies in healthy adult volunteers and patients with chronic cough have shown that women have increased cough sensitivity to inhaled tussigenic stimuli, including capsaicin. The explanation for this phenomenon remains unknown, although the influence of pubertal changes (dimensional, hormonal) may play a role. In the present study we set out to examine the(More)
The cough reflex in anaesthetized rabbits was elicited by irritation of the larynx with ammonia, inhalation of ammonia into the lungs, and mechanical stimulation of the tracheobronchial tree with a catheter. After block of lung stretch receptors with sulphur dioxide and virtual abolition of the Breuer-Hering inflation reflex, the cough response to all three(More)
We have reviewed the role of afferent inputs and blood chemical changes to the central nervous system, and the way in which they modify the cough and expiration reflexes (CR and ER). Slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (SARs) augment the CR, insofar as when their activity is abolished the CRs from the tracheobronchial (TB) tree and larynx are(More)
It is reasonable to suppose that airway mucosa can be damaged by irradiation applied to chest and neck regions. The inflammatory process is a consequence of an injury. Airway inflammation is one mechanism responsible for cough induction. So, one can suppose that radiotherapy (RT) focused on the patients' chest or neck may injure airway mucosa, which might(More)
Experimental and clinical studies performed in adults revealed that gastresophageal reflux disease (GORD) is associated with an appreciable increase in cough reflex sensitivity (CRS). The association between respiratory diseases and GORD is also present in children, but there is little evidence that GORD without aspiration of refluxate (proximal reflux) is(More)
Diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) is manifested by dysfunction of one or more organ systems. Its subclinical form (sDAN) can be recognized with the use of noninvasive cardiovascular reflex tests. As the cough reflex is mediated via autonomic nervous system, there is a reason to suppose that it can also be changed due to presence of sDAN. The aim of the(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by bronchospasms accompanied with frequent coughing, the pathogenesis of which is not clear. In healthy adults deep inspirations (DIs) provide a protective effect against bronchoconstriction triggered by methacholine inhalation, which correlates with the number of accompanying cough efforts. The aim was(More)
Too little is known of the mechanisms participating in the regulation of defence reflexes of the organs of respiration. The activity of respiratory tract--in particular lung stretch and cough receptors--may play an important role. In the present study the authors investigated the effect of short-term inflation of the lungs, during which lung stretch(More)