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The reactive industrial chemicals acrylamide (AA) and N-methylolacrylamide (MAA) are neurotoxic and carcinogenic in animals, MAA showing a lower potency than AA. The causative agent in AA-induced carcinogenesis is assumed to be the epoxy metabolite, glycidamide (GA), which in contrast to AA gives rise to stable adducts to DNA. The causative agent in MAA(More)
Male CBA mice and male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated by i.p. injection of glycidamide (GA), the presumed genotoxic metabolite of acrylamide (AA). GA was obtained through a new way of synthesis. As an endpoint of chromosome damage, micronucleus (MN) induction in erythrocytes was measured. Hemoglobin (Hb) adducts were used as a measure of in vivo dose of(More)
We have developed a method to isolate and analyze nascent human reticulocytes in peripheral blood for the presence of micronuclei (MN). For a very short time peripheral reticulocytes show residual expression of the transferrin receptor. Using immunomagnetic separation of cells expressing the transferrin receptor, a population of immature reticulocytes(More)
Automation of the analysis of micronucleus induction with flow cytometry was developed by using mouse bone marrow or peripheral blood. In the present study, we report the use of flow cytometry for the identification and quantification of micronuclei (MN) induced in rat bone marrow polychromatic erythrocytes. Three metabolites of the industrial chemical(More)
The time-course of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MPCE) in mouse bone marrow and peripheral blood, induced by an acute 0.1 Gy dose of X-rays, was determined using flow cytometric analysis, which made frequent sampling possible and allowed use of a dose low enough not to affect erythroid cell proliferation. The frequency of MPCE (fMPCE) began to(More)
Hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) deficient human peripheral blood lymphocytes are usually enumerated either by the cloning assay or by the autoradiographic short-term assay. The short-term approach presented here is based on flow cytometric (FCM) scoring of 6-thioguanine (6-TG) resistant lymphocytes. HPRT-variants are enumerated on the(More)
Blood typing is the most reliable method for assigning zygosity to twinships in psychological research. Cost, ethical considerations, and practical difficulties in obtaining blood specimens from a large group of children suggested the need for a questionnaire method used with young children and completed by parents. One was designed to assess zygosity based(More)
Biomonitoring tries to determine the consequences for humans of exposures to environmental or pharmaceutical agents. Different end points have been employed to assess the burden of genomic damage. This is the first report comparing a recently introduced new end point, the reticulocyte-micronuclei analyzed by flow cytometry with the widely used(More)
According to a multiplicative model for prediction of cancer risk for genotoxic agents the incremental cancer risk is, for low-intermediate exposures, proportional to target doses of the genotoxic substance and to the background risk in control groups. This model has been applied to evaluate cancer tests of acrylamide in rodents. Because of its reactivity(More)
Almost 100 animals of 4 different species of small wild rodents (bank vole, Clethrionomys glareolus; field vole, Microtus agrestis; yellow-necked mouse, Apodemus flavicollis; and wood mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus) were trapped in central Sweden and used in experiments to determine the spontaneous and radiation-induced frequencies of polychromatic (fMPCE) and(More)