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BACKGROUND Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles. METHODS In this European, multicenter, open-label, 96-week study, antiretroviral-naive adult subjects with human immunodeficiency(More)
BACKGROUND Low serum concentrations of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) are associated with increased susceptibility to recurrent infection. Three variant alleles in the MBL gene (B, C, and D), cause low serum concentrations of the protein. We investigated whether variant alleles of MBL affect susceptibility to infection with HIV and progression of AIDS. (More)
BACKGROUND The expected survival of HIV-infected patients is of major public health interest. OBJECTIVE To estimate survival time and age-specific mortality rates of an HIV-infected population compared with that of the general population. DESIGN Population-based cohort study. SETTING All HIV-infected persons receiving care in Denmark from 1995 to(More)
CONTEXT Fat redistribution, insulin resistance, and low-grade inflammation characterize HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy. Currently, no effective therapies exist for the combined treatment of fat redistribution and insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the effects of strength and endurance training on insulin sensitivity and(More)
BACKGROUND There are concerns about highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) causing a progressive increase in the risk of ischemic heart disease. We examined this issue in a nationwide cohort study of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and a population-based control group. METHODS We determined the rate of first(More)
BACKGROUND Zidovudine, lamivudine, and efavirenz comprise a highly effective and well-tolerated triple regimen for antiretroviral-naive patients. Evaluating other unique nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) combinations for long-term viral suppression is desirable. METHODS This multicenter, randomized, double-blind noninferiority clinical(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed mortality attributable to smoking among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS We estimated mortality rates (MRs), mortality rate ratios (MRRs), life expectancies, life-years lost, and population-attributable risk of death associated with smoking and with HIV among current and nonsmoking individuals from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the antiviral efficacy, safety and adherence in patients switched to an abacavir-containing nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) regimen after long-term HIV-1 RNA suppression with a dual NRTI/protease inhibitor (PI) combination. METHODS In an open-label, multicentre study, patients receiving 2NRTI plus PI for at least 6(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, it has been shown that a homozygous 32 base-pair deletion in the gene encoding CKR-5, a major coreceptor for HIV-1, leads to resistance to infection with HIV-1. We have investigated whether HIV-seropositive individuals who were heterozygous for the CKR-5 deletion had a different course of the disease. DESIGN Thirty-five high-risk(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus encodes a chemokine called vMIP-II. This protein displayed a broader spectrum of receptor activities than any mammalian chemokine as it bound with high affinity to a number of both CC and CXC chemokine receptors. Binding of vMIP-II, however, was not associated with the normal, rapid mobilization of calcium from(More)