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BACKGROUND Elevated oxidative stress and superoxide anion formation in vascular cells could promote conversion of LDL to atherogenic oxidized LDL (oxLDL), contributing to endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. As a major source of vascular superoxide anion formation, an endothelial NAD(P)H oxidase, similar to the leukocyte enzyme, has been identified.(More)
Background—Oxidatively modified LDL (oxLDL) plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. OxLDL effects, eg, foam cell formation, are mediated in part by the classic scavenger receptor, whereas other effects may involve the recently cloned endothelial oxLDL receptor, LOX-1 (lectinlike oxLDL receptor-1), which is distinct from macrophage(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) exerts proliferation and apoptosis in vascular cells, depending on its concentration and the duration of exposure. Recent studies indicate that [O(2)](-) is involved in cell cycle regulation and that OxLDL stimulates endothelial cells to produce [O(2)](-). This study examined the role of nicotinamide adenine(More)
In the following we discuss the specific actions of General pathophysiological consequences of angiotensin II (Ang II) and oxidized low-density lipo-enhanced oxidative stress for vascular and renal protein (OxLDL) in the context of oxidative stress and function present a hypothesis on a potential interaction between Ang II and OxLDL. Reactive oxygen species(More)
Hypertension and atherogenic low-density lipoproteins cause attenuation of endothelium-dependent dilations in vivo. We investigated a potential interference of high transmural pressure with the effects of low-density lipoproteins on endothelium-dependent dilation in vitro. Furthermore, we determined whether high-density lipoproteins preserve endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) may have proatherogenic but also vasoprotective properties. We tested the hypothesis that the configuration of CRP (pentameric, or native [nCRP], versus monomeric, or modified [mCRP]) determines these different characteristics in an in vivo model. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the effects of human nCRP and mCRP on(More)
BACKGROUND In ischemic acute renal failure (ARF), nitric oxide-dependent regulation of renal hemodynamics and glomerular function is disturbed. Previous studies indicate that the nitric oxide precursor l-arginine (l-Arg) has beneficial effects on renal function. Here we further analyzed the impact of l-Arg on functional and biochemical parameters of nitric(More)
In this study, we analyzed the effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on expression of the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) receptor-1 LOX-1 and on oxLDL uptake in primary cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). LOX-1 mRNA was quantified by standard-calibrated competitive RT-PCR, LOX-1 protein expression by Western analysis(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is one of the most potent biologic vasoconstrictors. Nevertheless, transgenic mice that overexpress ET-1 exhibit normal BP. It was hypothesized that vascular effects of ET-1 may be antagonized by an increase of the endothelial counterpart of ET-1, nitric oxide (NO), which is produced by the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Therefore,(More)
Loss of proliferative control and failure to undergo cellular differentiation are key events during carcinogenesis. We recently identified a new potential tumor suppressor gene named MTUS1 (mitochondrial tumor suppressor 1), down-regulated in undifferentiated tumor cell lines, inhibiting tumor cell proliferation after recombinant over-expression. The aim of(More)