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Physiological levels of laminar shear stress completely abrogate apoptosis of human endothelial cells in response to a variety of stimuli and might therefore importantly contribute to endothelial integrity. We show here that the apoptosis-suppressive effects of shear stress are mediated by upregulation of Cu/Zn SOD and NO synthase. Shear stress-mediated(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) exerts proliferation and apoptosis in vascular cells, depending on its concentration and the duration of exposure. Recent studies indicate that [O(2)](-) is involved in cell cycle regulation and that OxLDL stimulates endothelial cells to produce [O(2)](-). This study examined the role of nicotinamide adenine(More)
BACKGROUND Renin-angiotensin system blockade reduces proteinuria and prevents nephropathy progression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Experimental evidence demonstrates that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) possess anti-inflammatory potential, which might contribute to reducing proteinuria and providing renoprotection. METHODS We(More)
Ischemic acute renal failure (iARF) was described to reduce renal extraction of the organic anion para-aminohippurate (PAH) in humans. The rate-limiting step of renal organic anion secretion is its basolateral uptake into proximal tubular cells. This process is mediated by the organic anion transporters OAT1 and OAT3, which both have a broad spectrum of(More)
The vasomotor and cyclic GMP-elevating activity of YC-1, a novel NO-independent activator of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), was studied in isolated rabbit aortic rings and compared to that of the NO donor compounds sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and NOC 18. Similarly to SNP and NOC 18, YC-1 (0.3-300 microM) caused a concentration-dependent,(More)
Transformation of normal cells into malignant tumor cells, a process termed carcinogenesis, depends on progressive acquisition of genetic alterations. These result in activation of protooncogenes or inactivation of tumor suppressor genes responsible for the loss of proliferative control in tumor cells and the failure to undergo cellular differentiation. The(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclosporin A (CyA) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) cause endothelial dysfunction, partly through stimulation of O(2)(-) formation (which can inactivate nitric oxide). We investigated whether CyA and OxLDL potentiate their influence on oxidative stress, whether endothelin (ET) is a mediator of CyA- and OxLDL-induced O(2)(-)(More)
BACKGROUND Atherogenic lipoproteins cause injury to the vascular wall in the early phase of atherogenesis. We assessed the effects of native (nLDL) and oxidized (oxLDL) low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] on O2- formation and cell death in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and rabbit aorta (RA). METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Glomerulosclerosis and atherosclerosis are chronic inflammatory processes that may be influenced by oxidized lipoproteins, oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL), and oxidized lipoprotein(a) [oxLp(a)]. We hypothesize that these lipoproteins contribute to the development of glomerulosclerosis and atherosclerosis through the induction of(More)
The physiological role of the angiotensin II AT2 receptor subtype is not fully characterized. We studied whether AT2 receptor could antagonize AT1 mediated superoxide formation in endothelial cells. In quiescent human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) superoxide formation was measured after long-term incubation (6 h) with angiotensin II in the(More)