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Fatty acids of marine origin, i.e. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) act as hypolipidaemics, but they do not improve glycaemic control in obese and diabetic patients. Thiazolidinediones like rosiglitazone are specific activators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, which improve whole-body insulin sensitivity. We(More)
In vitro studies revealed that insulin resistance might be associated with the intracellular formation of ceramide, the second messenger in the sphingomyelin signaling pathway. The aim of the present study was to examine the content and composition of fatty acids in ceramide and sphingomyelin in human muscle and to evaluate their relationships with insulin(More)
In rat skeletal muscle prolonged exercise affects the content and composition of ceramides, but in human skeletal muscle no data are available on this compound. Our aim was to examine the content of ceramide- and sphingomyelin fatty acids and neutral, Mg(2+)-dependent sphingomyelinase activity in skeletal muscle in untrained and trained subjects before and(More)
Intramuscular lipid pool turnover [triacylglycerols (TG), phospholipids (PL), mono- and diacylglycerols (MG, DG)] and the oxidation of endogenous and exogenous lipids were determined with pulse-chase studies in incubated muscles of varied oxidative potential [soleus strips (SOL)--> epitrochlearis --> flexor digitorum brevis]. Incorporation of palmitate into(More)
Intramyocellular lipids, including ceramide, a second messenger in the sphingomyelin signalling pathway, might contribute to the development of insulin resistance. The aim of our study was to assess parameters of the skeletal muscle sphingomyelin signalling pathway in men at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. We studied 12 lean (BMI < 25 kg/m2) men without(More)
In skeletal muscle, ceramides may be involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance through an attenuation of insulin signalling. This study investigated total skeletal muscle ceramide fatty acid content in participants exhibiting a wide range of insulin sensitivities. The middle-aged male participants (n=33) were matched for lean body mass and divided(More)
The sphingomyelin-signaling pathway has been described in many tissues. Ceramide is the main second messenger in this pathway. Ceramide has also been shown to be present in skeletal muscles; however, there are few data on the regulation of the content of ceramide in muscle tissue. Moreover, there are no data on the content of particular ceramides or their(More)
OBJECTIVE The induction of obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance by high-fat diet in rodents can be prevented by n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs). We tested a hypothesis whether AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has a role in the beneficial effects of n-3 LC-PUFAs. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Mice with a whole-body deletion(More)
Consumption of high fat diet leads to muscle lipid accumulation which is an important factor involved in induction of insulin resistance. Ceramide is likely to partially inhibit insulin signaling cascade. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different high fat diets on ceramide metabolism in rat skeletal muscles. The experiments were carried(More)
The sphingomyelin signalling pathway has been shown to function in different skeletal muscle types. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of endurance training on the functioning of the pathway in the muscles. The experiments were carried out on two groups of male Wistar rats: sedentary and trained for six weeks. 24h after cessation of the(More)