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BACKGROUND Accurate immunosuppression is of critical importance in preventing rejection, while avoiding toxicity following lung transplantation. The mainstay immunosuppressants are calcineurin inhibitors, which require regular monitoring due to interactions with other medications and diet. Adherence to immunosuppression and patient knowledge is vital and(More)
OBJECTIVES Persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) experience health-related quality of life (HRQoL) problems greatly differing across Europe, and the European Union (EU) faces deep inequalities in MS management from country to country. Through the establishment of a European MS Register (EUReMS), an effective action is proposed to improve the overall(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of MS registries and databases that are currently in use in Europe as well as a detailed knowledge of their content and structure is important in order to facilitate comprehensive analysis and comparison of data. METHODS National MS registries or databases were identified by literature search, from the results of the MS Barometer(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) has become an established treatment option in selected patients with end-stage lung emphysema. ELVR, however, does not always prevent disease progression, and patients may inevitably be considered for lung transplantation. OBJECTIVES Currently, limited data exist regarding the impact of preceding ELVR on(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate the prognostic importance of a low diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in patients with a catheter-based diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension due to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (PH-HFpEF). BACKGROUND In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, a low DLCO is(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple Sclerosis is the most common disease in young adults affecting the central nervous system. Disease may progress with acute attacks (relapsing MS) or continuously (progressive MS). Glucocorticosteroids are used in the treatment of acute attacks. The aim of this study was to analyse characteristics of patients with MS, and their influence(More)
RATIONALE The demographics of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) are changing and this diagnosis is increasingly being made in older patients. However, diagnostic misclassifications are common as it may be difficult to differentiate between IPAH and pulmonary hypertension due to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(More)
Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) is an emerging treatment for patients with inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).We report on a prospective series of 56 consecutive patients who underwent 266 BPA interventions (median, five per patient) at two German institutions. All patients underwent a comprehensive diagnostic work-up(More)
INTRODUCTION Topical airway anesthesia is known to improve tolerance and patient satisfaction during flexible bronchoscopy (FB). Lidocaine is commonly used, delivered as an atomized spray. The current study assesses safety and patient satisfaction for nasal anesthesia of a new atomization device during outpatient bronchoscopy in lung transplant recipients.(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokine CXC ligand 13 (CXCL13) has been implicated in perivascular inflammation and pulmonary vascular remodeling in patients with idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension (IPAH). We wondered whether CXCL13 may also play a role in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and whether serum levels of CXCL13 might serve as biomarkers(More)