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BACKGROUND There has been much debate about the value of screening mammography. Here we update the overview of the Swedish randomised controlled trials on mammography screening up to and including 1996. The Kopparberg part of the Two-County trial was not available for the overview, but the continuation of the Malmö trial (MMST II) has been added. The(More)
Despite encouraging results from screening trials the efficacy of mammography in reducing mortality remains somewhat controversial. Five studies have been done in Sweden. This overview, based on 282,777 women followed for 5-13 years in randomised trials in Malmö, Kopparberg, Ostergötland, Stockholm, and Gothenburg, reveals a 24% (95% confidence interval(More)
In March 1981, 40,318 women in Stockholm, aged 40–64, entered a randomized trial of breast cancer screening by single-view mammography alone versus no intervention in a control group of 20,000 women. The attendance rate during the first screening round was 81 per cent and the cancer detection rate was 4.0 per 1000 women. The detection the rate fell to 3.1(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is uncommon in young women and correlates with a less favourable prognosis; still it is the most frequent cancer in women under 40, accounting for 30-40% of all incident female cancer. The aim of this study was to study prognosis in young women, quantifying how much stage at diagnosis and management on the one hand, and tumour(More)
Results from several randomised mammography screening trials haveshown that it is possible to reduce mortalityin breast cancer by mammographic screening at leastfor women above 50 years of age. Thepurpose of this article is to present dataon mortality in breast cancer in study andcontrol groups of the Stockholm trial after 11years of followup, to analyse(More)
This article presents updated data on breast cancer mortality for women under age 50 from the Stockholm Mammographic Screening Trial, as well as a review of some side effects associated with screening in this age group. Approximately 40,000 women aged 40-64 (14,842 aged 40-49 years) were randomized to a trial of breast cancer screening by single-view(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to study the incidence, time course and prognosis of patients who developed axillary recurrence after breast-conserving surgery, and to evaluate possible risk factors for axillary recurrence and prognostic factors after axillary recurrence. METHODS In a population-based cohort of 6613 women with invasive breast cancer who had(More)
A comparison of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) and computed tomography (CT) for staging of rectal carcinoma was performed. Thirty-two patients were examined by TRUS and 30 by CT. The results of these preoperative examinations were compared with postoperative histopathological findings. TRUS had an accuracy of 81% and it predicted perirectal tumor growth with(More)
This presentation describes the organization and first-round results of the Stockholm mass mammography screening program, and discusses ways of checking the quality of an ongoing screening program. The Stockholm mammography screening program started in 1989 at five independent screening units, and comprises more than 150,000 women aged 50 to 69 years. The(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS For cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) of the head and neck, neither prognostic factors in population-based groups, nor outcome with respect to surgical resection margins is clear. Therefore, we analyzed data in a regional registry to align treatment results for CMM of the head and neck with prognosis and survival times. (More)