Learn More
The discovery that hematopoietic human colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) can be activated by two distinct cognate cytokines, colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) and interleukin-34 (IL-34), created puzzling scenarios for the two possible signaling complexes. We here employ a hybrid structural approach based on small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)(More)
Human colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (hCSF-1R) is unique among the hematopoietic receptors because it is activated by two distinct cytokines, CSF-1 and interleukin-34 (IL-34). Despite ever-growing insights into the central role of hCSF-1R signaling in innate and adaptive immunity, inflammatory diseases, and cancer, the structural basis of the(More)
Immune responses are regulated by effector cytokines and chemokines that signal through cell surface receptors. Mammalian decoy receptors — which are typically soluble or inactive versions of cell surface receptors or soluble protein modules termed binding proteins — modulate and antagonize signalling by canonical effector–receptor complexes. Viruses have(More)
Nearly all bacteria exhibit a type of phenotypic growth described as persistence that is thought to underlie antibiotic tolerance and recalcitrant chronic infections. The chromosomally encoded high-persistence (Hip) toxin-antitoxin proteins HipASO and HipBSO from Shewanella oneidensis, a proteobacterium with unusual respiratory capacities, constitute a type(More)
Subversion of the host immune system by viruses is often mediated by molecular decoys that sequester host proteins pivotal to mounting effective immune responses. The widespread mammalian pathogen parapox Orf virus deploys GIF, a member of the poxvirus immune evasion superfamily, to antagonize GM-CSF (granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor) and(More)
  • 1