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OBJECTIVE To review the recent empirical literature concerning development of posttraumatic stress symptoms following pediatric injury and summarize risk and predictive factors that will inform clinical practice and research. METHODS A systematic search of online databases such as PsycInfo, PILOTS, MedLine, and PubMed was performed. Further studies were(More)
Twenty-six children (mean age = 5.5 years) were exposed to one of three surgery preparatory conditions: participant modeling alone (n = 9), participant modeling with mother (n = 8), and standard procedure control (n = 9). Children exposed to the modeling slide-tape without their mothers had significant reductions in physiological arousal after the(More)
A participant modeling film to reduce distress in children (5 to 13 years old) undergoing sexual abuse medical examination was tested. Twenty-one children viewing the participant modeling film reported less fear after film viewing and were behaviorally less distressed and more compliant, as rated by nurses and mothers, during gynecological examination than(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study attempted to examine specific differences in the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptomatology among abused children with and without concurrent depression. METHOD PTSD and depressive symptoms were identified that discriminate between 98 children divided into three groups: (1) abused children with PTSD, (2) nonabused(More)
This study investigates the lack of agreement in maternal and child report of child anxiety with a sample of abused and nonabused clinic-referred children. Based on the literature, it was predicted that nonabused clinic-referred children would report more symptoms of anxiety than their mothers would report for them. It was also predicted that mothers of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify and evaluate variables that have the greatest impact on psychological adjustment after burn injury among children, adolescents, and young adults. METHODS Meta-analytical procedures were utilized to determine the strength of association indices of identified impact variables. Only 13 articles were(More)