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We have investigated the incidence of the lipophilic fungi Pityrosporum orbiculare and P. ovale on clinically normal skin in newborn children and in children at the age of 6 months, 1 year, 5 years, 10 years, and 15 years. P. orbiculare was absent in children of less than 5 years of age. It was present in the highest incidence (93%) in the 15-year-old(More)
BACKGROUND Development of the skin barrier continues up to 12 months after birth; therefore, care must be taken when cleansing and bathing infants' skin. Available guidelines for skin care in newborns are, however, limited. In 2007, the 1st European Round Table meeting on 'Best Practice for Infant Cleansing' was held, at which a panel of expert(More)
Fusidic acid-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (FRSA) has been identified as a causative agent in outbreaks of impetigo and its emergence has been associated with increased use of topical fusidic acid. The frequency of FRSA in atopic dermatitis (AD) has been less extensively investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the bacterial spectrum and(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, itching, inflammatory skin disease which is associated with asthma and/or hay fever and a familial occurrence of these conditions. Genetic factors are important in the development of AD, but the exact hereditary pathway is still unknown. Dry skin and the weakened barrier function in patients with AD is very important for(More)
The distribution in the skin of orally active antifungals and other drugs claimed to be active in the treatment of skin diseases is of major importance, but to date has been studied only rarely. In the present study the distribution of fluconazole in stratum corneum, epidermis-dermis (without stratum corneum), eccrine sweat and serum was studied in human(More)
BACKGROUND Pramiconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole antifungal with potential for oral treatment of pityriasis versicolor. OBJECTIVE We sought to assess the efficacy and tolerability of 5 doses of pramiconazole relative to placebo. METHODS This was a randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 28-day, dose-finding study. A total of 147(More)
The new taxonomic structure of the lipophilic genus Malassezia was presented with key characteristics for the seven described species. Among techniques used for epidemiological surveys, the pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was found to be of little value in contrast to randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Immunological studies still yielded(More)
BACKGROUND Onychomycosis is common, accounting for up to 50% of all nail disorders. Toenail onychomycosis can cause nail deformity, embarrassment, pain and walking difficulties. Some populations, such as individuals with diabetes, are at higher risk for developing secondary complications such as infections. Treatment takes many months and therapeutic(More)
Pityrosporum orbiculare was cultured from clinically normal skin in 60 adults, 30 to 80 years of age. Antibody titers against P. orbiculare in serum and lipid measurements were also estimated. There was a parallel between a reduction in number of cultured organisms and an increase in age (p = 0.002, multiple linear regression analysis). The lipid content of(More)