Jan F. L. Weel

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DNA purified from clinical cerebrospinal fluid and urine specimens by a silica-guanidiniumthiocyanate procedure frequently contained an inhibitor(s) of DNA-processing enzymes which may have been introduced by the purification procedure itself. Inhibition could be relieved by the use of a novel lysis buffer containing alpha-casein. When the novel lysis(More)
The correlates of protective immunity to disease-inducing viruses in humans remain to be elucidated. We determined the kinetics and characteristics of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in the course of primary CMV infection in asymptomatic and symptomatic recipients of renal transplants. Specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk of hepatotoxicity after initiation of protease inhibitor-containing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV-1 infected patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection. DESIGN Retrospective study with 394 HIV-1-infected patients initiating HAART at a single university(More)
PURPOSE To define a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging pattern suggestive of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing to detect CMV DNA in neonatal blood on Guthrie cards for validation. MATERIALS AND METHODS On the basis of findings in eight patients with documented congenital CMV infection, the authors(More)
Although virus-specific CD4(+) T cells have been characterized extensively in latently infected individuals, it is unclear how these protective T-cell responses develop during primary virus infection in humans. Here, we analyzed the kinetics and characteristics of cytomegalovirus-specific (CMV-specific) CD4(+) T cells in the course of primary CMV infection(More)
A clindamycin-resistant toxin A-negative, toxin B-positive Clostridium difficile strain caused an outbreak among 24 hospitalized patients at the Department of Surgery, the Intensive Care unit, and the Department of Internal Medicine of an 800-bed academic hospital. Nineteen patients had undergone a surgical intervention and all 24 patients received at least(More)
Helicobacter pylori isolates show greater genetic diversity than other bacterial species studied, but the basis for this phenomenon is unknown. Whether detectable genomic mutation appears within an H. pylori population during persistent colonization was investigated. Paired H. pylori populations obtained across 7- to 10-year intervals from 13 patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses (EV) and parechoviruses (HPeV) are the most common causes of aseptic meningitis, encephalitis and sepsis-like syndrome in neonates. Detection by nucleic acid amplification methods improves patient management. OBJECTIVE Development of a real-time PCR assay on a LightCycler for simultaneous detection of EV, HPeV and an internal(More)
This retrospective cohort study investigated whether particular antiretroviral agents are associated with a higher risk for developing grade 4 liver enzyme elevations (LEEs) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection who are starting to receive highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Grade 4 LEE was defined as(More)
The objective of the present study was the development of a diagnostic reverse transcription (RT)-PCR for the specific detection of enterovirus (EV) RNA in clinical specimens controlled by an internal control (IC) RNA. The IC RNA contains the same primer binding sites as EV RNA but has a different probe region. The IC RNA was packaged into an MS2 phage core(More)