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It is known that as we age, immune dysregulation often occurs, leading to failing health, and increased susceptibility to a number of different diseases. In this study we have investigated plasma cytokine profiles in order to identify immune markers of ageing. Plasma samples were obtained from 138 participants of the Swedish longitudinal NONA study (aged(More)
The Swedish OCTO and NONA immune longitudinal studies were able to identify and confirm an immune risk profile (IRP) predictive of an increased 2-year mortality in very old individuals, 86–94 years of age. The IRP, was associated with persistent cytomegalovirus infection and characterized by inverted CD4/CD8 ratio and related to expansion of terminally(More)
Natalizumab exerts impressive therapeutic effects in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The proposed main mode of action is reducing transmigration of leukocytes into the CNS, but other immunological effects may also be operative. Cytokines and chemokines are involved in the regulation of inflammatory responses and may reflect the disease process in MS.(More)
OBJECTIVES The existence of chronic neuroborreliosis is controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate the existence and kind of persistent symptoms in patients previously treated because of neurological symptoms as a result of neuroborreliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 106 patients with neuroborreliosis, according to established criteria,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicate that successful resolution of Lyme neuroborreliosis (NB) is associated with a strong T helper (Th) 1-type cytokine response in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) followed by a down-regulating Th2 response, whereas the role of the recently discovered Th17 cytokine response is unknown. METHODS To investigate the relative(More)
To study if immunoglobulin (Ig)-secreting cells actively pass the blood-brain barrier (BBB), 15 patients with monoclonal gammopathy underwent bonemarrow (BM) iliac crest aspiration biopsy, peripheral blood (PB) sampling and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis. With an enzyme-linked immunospot assay we investigated the number and ratio of mononuclear cells(More)
The clinical course and outcome of several infectious diseases are dependent on the type of immune response elicited against the pathogen. In adults with neuroborreliosis (NB), a type 1 response with high production of Borrelia-specific IFN-gamma, but no IL-4, has been reported. Since children have a more benign course of NB than adults, we wanted to(More)
Psychosocial factors and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels are both related to risk of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate how a broad range of psychosocial factors related to levels of IL-6 in different media. Fifty-nine men and women aged 30-65 were recruited from a larger study and selected to cover a broad range of psychosocial(More)
AIM Here we investigated the role of complement activation in phagocytosis and the release of cytokines and chemokines in response to two clinical isolates: Borrelia afzelii K78, which is resistant to complement-mediated lysis, and Borrelia garinii LU59, which is complement-sensitive. METHODS Borrelia spirochetes were incubated in hirudin plasma, or(More)
Seventeen consecutive patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) received neurophysiological examination, analysis of antibodies against peripheral nerve-myelin (PNM) and muscle biopsy, to show the prevalence and characteristics of peripheral neuropathy (PN) and myopathy; 3 PSS cases showed a clinical mild sensorimotor polyneuropathy, 1 of them had been(More)