The clinical significance of chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications was predicted based on their gene content, de novo or familial inheritance and accumulated knowledge recorded on public databases. A patient group comprised of 247 cases with epilepsy and its common co-morbidities of developmental delay, intellectual disability, autism spectrum… (More)
Mutations in the OPN1LW (L-) and OPN1MW (M-)cone opsin genes underlie a spectrum of cone photoreceptor defects from stationary loss of color vision to progressive retinal degeneration. Genotypes of 22 families with a range of cone disorders were grouped into three classes: deletions of the locus control region (LCR); missense mutation (p.Cys203Arg) in an… (More)
BACKGROUND A novel phenotype consisting of cataract, mental retardation, erythematous skin rash and facial dysmorphism was recently described in an extended pedigree of Australian Aboriginal descent. Large scale chromosomal re-arrangements had previously been ruled out. We have conducted a genome-wide scan to map the linkage region in this family. METHODS… (More)
BACKGROUND Sotos syndrome is characterised by learning difficulties, overgrowth, and a typical facial appearance. Microdeletions at 5q35.3, encompassing NSD1, are responsible for approximately 10% of non-Japanese cases of Sotos. In contrast, a recurrent approximately 2 Mb microdeletion has been reported as responsible for approximately 50% of Japanese cases… (More)
The paper gives some basic ideas about optimization and discusses actual architectures of complex information systems , which include optimization systems or modules. The optimization system is presented as an example for a practical solution of optimization tasks.