Jan Dohnálek

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Enzymes from cold-adapted species are significantly more active at low temperatures, even those close to zero Celsius, but the rationale of this adaptation is complex and relatively poorly understood. It is commonly stated that there is a relationship between the flexibility of an enzyme and its catalytic activity at low temperature. This paper gives the(More)
The X-ray structure of cold-active beta-galactosidase (isoenzyme C-2-2-1) from an Antarctic bacterium Arthrobacter sp. C2-2 was solved at 1.9A resolution. The enzyme forms 660 kDa hexamers with active sites opened to the central cavity of the hexamer and connected by eight channels with exterior solvent. To our best knowledge, this is the first cold-active(More)
The X-ray structure of the two-domain laccase (small laccase) from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) was solved at 2.7-A resolution. The enzyme differs significantly from all laccases studied structurally so far. It consists of two domains and forms trimers and hence resembles the quaternary structure of nitrite reductases or ceruloplasmins more than that of(More)
The bacterial enzyme organophosphorus acid anhydrolase (OPAA) is able to catalyze the hydrolysis of both proline dipeptides (Xaa-Pro) and several types of organophosphate (OP) compounds. The full three-dimensional structure of the manganese-dependent OPAA enzyme is presented for the first time. This enzyme, which was originally isolated from the marine(More)
We investigated the soluble forms of the earliest activation antigen of human leukocyte CD69. This receptor is expressed at the cell surface as a type II homodimeric membrane protein. However, the elements necessary to prepare the soluble recombinant CD69 suitable for structural studies are a matter of controversy. We describe the physical, biochemical and(More)
Anticancer drugs attacking nucleic acids of the target cells have so far been based on animal or fungal ribonucleases. Plant nucleases have been proved to exhibit decreased cytotoxic side effects. Tomato bifunctional nuclease 1 with activity against both single-stranded and double-stranded RNA and DNA was produced in tobacco leaves as recombinant protein.(More)
Aromatic amino acid residues are often present in carbohydrate-binding sites of proteins. These binding sites are characterized by a placement of a carbohydrate moiety in a stacking orientation to an aromatic ring. This arrangement is an example of CH/pi interactions. Ab initio interaction energies for 20 carbohydrate-aromatic complexes taken from 6(More)
A strictly anaerobic mesophilic chitinolytic bacterial strain identified as Clostridium paraputrificum J4 was isolated from human feces. In response to various types of growth substrates, the bacterium produced an array of chitinolytic enzymes representing significant components of the J4 strain secretome. The excreted active proteins were characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrilases attract increasing attention due to their utility in the mild hydrolysis of nitriles. According to activity and gene screening, filamentous fungi are a rich source of nitrilases distinct in evolution from their widely examined bacterial counterparts. However, fungal nitrilases have been less explored than the bacterial ones. Nitrilases(More)
The three-dimensional structure of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) from the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei has been solved at 2.8 A resolution. This pentose phosphate pathway enzyme is NADP-dependent; NADPH generated in the reaction protects against oxidative stress. The enzyme crystallises in the space-group P3121 with a dimer in the(More)