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PURPOSE The core outcome measures index (COMI) is a short, multidimensional outcome scale validated for the use by patients with spinal disorders. It is a recommended instrument in the Spine Society of Europe Spine Tango Registry. The purpose of this study was to produce a cross-culturally adapted and validated Polish COMI. METHODS The cross-cultural(More)
The success of a surgical procedure is conditioned by many factors, including appropriate pain control, early am-bulation and rehabilitation after surgery, which directly translates into three relevant elements mentioned in numerous publications, i.e., hospitalisation length and costs as well as patient satisfaction. There are many mechanisms of(More)
Persistent post-operative pain is defined as a pain in the location of the surgery that persist for many months or even years beyond the usual course of an acute injury and is different of that suffered preoperatively. Persistent pain can be due to long lasting nociception caused by processes such as information, chronic infection or tumor. The most(More)
Radiofrequency neurolysis of lumbar medial branch is currently the only proven way to treat patients with chronic lumbar zygapophysial joint pain, however, in some patients it can cause transient postoperative pain due to an inflammation caused by trauma of the electrode insertion and the thermal lesion around the target nerves. The aim of this study was to(More)
We investigated co-analgesic effect of dextromethorphan in adolescent post-operative patients with idiopathic scoliosis. In a double-blind study, 60 patients with ASA physical status I-II were randomised into two groups. Group dextromethorphan (n = 30; age: 15.9 +/- 2.4 years) was given oral dextromethorphan 30 or 45 mg 1 hr before surgery and 8, 20 and 32(More)
BACKGROUND Since chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a complex biopsychosocial problem the ideal treatment is multimodal and multidisciplinary. However, in many countries, primary-care physicians care for many people with CLBP and have a pivotal role in selecting patients for more intensive treatments when these are available. Guidelines on the general use of(More)
Chronic pain affects approximately 1 in 5 people in Europe, and around half of sufferers receive inadequate pain management. The most common location is the lower back. Pharmacological treatment of this condition is challenging because of the range of causative mechanisms and the difficulty of balancing analgesic efficacy and tolerability. An international(More)
BACKGROUND Clonidine is a presynaptic alpha-2-adrenergic receptor agonist used for many years to treat hypertension and other conditions, including chronic pain. Adverse events associated with systemic use of the drug have limited its application. Topical use of drugs is currently gaining interest, as it may limit adverse events without loss of analgesic(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of iv tramadol on opioid requirement in the early postoperative period. The subjects were 90 patients scheduled for colon surgery (hemicolectomy) who received general anesthesia using the (N2O/O2) isoflurane technique. Thirty patients (group I) were administered 100 mg of tramadol iv before induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research has revealed that opioids can act directly on the peripheral terminals of afferent nerves to mediate antinociception. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of peripheral morphine administration on the nociception process in the postoperative period. METHODS One hundred fifty patients for laparoscopic cholecystectomy(More)