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In the critically ill, accurate measurements of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure using pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (Ppao) are important for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. In patients receiving positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), Ppao may not reflect LV filling pressure because of elevated pericardial pressure (Ppc). It has been(More)
Pulmonary hypertension associated with congestive heart failure carries a risk of right ventricular failure after cardiac transplantation. Few data, however, are available on the hemodynamic behavior of the pulmonary circulation in these patients. We therefore studied mean pulmonary artery pressure minus left atrial pressure (estimated by pulmonary artery(More)
Right atrial thrombus formation is a rare complication of central venous catheterization in adults. Infection of this thrombus is exceptional. A case of a right atrial thrombus associated with Candida albicans infection is described. Surgical thrombectomy, withdrawal of the catheter, and long-term antiinfectious therapy seem the only appropriate treatment.(More)
The beta-adrenergic stimulation of adenylate cyclase in membranes from human auricles, ventricles, and fetal heart was compared with the binding properties of beta-adrenergic receptors in human auricles. In terms of adenylate cyclase activation, three full agonists (isoproterenol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine), four partial agonists (procaterol,(More)
Beta-adrenergic receptors were characterized in a particulate fraction of human auricles obtained from patients operated upon for coronary insufficiency or valvular disease. [125I] Hydroxybenzylpindolol binding was evaluated in terms of kinetics; KD and Bmax values; and inhibition of binding in the presence of 10 microM GTP and of increasing concentrations(More)
This prospective, double-blind study used invasive monitoring and echo-Doppler techniques to compare the hemodynamic effects of nebivolol, a new beta 1-selective beta-blocking agent with those of atenolol in patients recovering from coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Five milligrams nebivolol and 50 mg atenolol equally decreased heart rate (HR) and(More)
Cardio-respiratory stress tests of 14 patients, performed one month and one year after orthotopic heart transplant, are compared in order to demonstrate the functional and metabolic improvements of their adaptation to stress. At maximal stress, we note a 33 p. cent increase of the oxygen consumption (p 0.001), an 11 p. cent increase of the heart rate (p(More)
We studied respiratory mechanics and phrenic nerve and diaphragm function in 12 patients on the day before and eight to 13 days after coronary artery bypass grafting. The average vital capacity, functional residual capacity, and total lung capacity decreased by 20.5%, 9.5%, and 14.7% respectively after operation. Eleven patients showed less negative maximum(More)