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PURPOSE The complexity of rehabilitation outcomes in terms of functioning and disability leads to the need for dimension reduction in relation to specific research or clinical problems. Several statistical procedures are at hand. This article examines whether and to what extent principal component analysis (PCA) and graphical models differ in the dimension(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate functional outcomes, health-related quality of life and life satisfaction in fracture victims 27 months after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. METHODS A total of 390 earthquake survivors from 3 earthquake areas who sustained fractures were divided into early intervention, late intervention and control groups. Functional outcomes assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term disability following natural disasters significantly burdens survivors and the impacted society. Nevertheless, medical rehabilitation programming has been historically neglected in disaster relief planning. 'NHV' is a rehabilitation services program comprised of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) (N), local health departments (H),(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to review the global diffusion and clinical implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2001. DESIGN First, we analyzed the diffusion process of the ICF, with a special focus on clinical rehabilitation. This was done by researching the spread of(More)
We examined whether persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) from countries with differential resources and resource distribution differ in the level and structure of functioning and disability. We analysed cross-sectional data of 1,048 persons with SCI from 14 countries based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). We(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this paper is to present a framework for systematically describing different approaches to measure environmental factors (EF) and to discuss some strengths and weaknesses of these approaches. METHODS Identification of suitable criteria for ordering measurements of EF was based on an analysis of existing reviews, a qualitative(More)
Knowledge of the determinants of disability in musculoskeletal conditions (MSC) is critical for reducing their burden. No epidemiologic studies from a truly comprehensive perspective consider environmental factors (EF) and personal factors (PF) as determinants of disability. However, one can identify candidate EF from the International Classification of(More)
OBJECTIVES To extend existing research on the US health disadvantage relative to Europe by studying the relationships of disability with age from midlife to old age in the US and four European regions (England/Northern and Western Europe/Southern Europe/Eastern Europe) including their wealth-related differences, using a flexible statistical approach to(More)
BACKGROUND Previous meta-analyses reported that probiotics improve the effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication during antibiotic therapy, while results regarding a possible reduction of side effects remained inconclusive. Moreover, the effectiveness of different strains of probiotics has not been studied so far. It is further(More)