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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a common cause of acute hepatitis in endemic areas. Yet reports on autochthonous cases in other areas such as middle Europe are increasing. Here we report on a patient, who obviously acquired his HEV infection in Germany. Sequence analysis of the virus gained from his serum revealed homologies to other European isolates and swine(More)
This guideline updates a prior concensus recommendation of the German Society for Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS) from 1996. It was developed by an interdisciplinary cooperation with representatives of the German Society for Microbiology, the Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (GPGE) and the German Society for Rheumatology. The(More)
The actin ADP-ribosylating Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin is a binary toxin composed of the binding component C2II and the enzyme component C2I. C2I ADP-ribosylates G-actin at arginine 177, resulting in the depolymerization of the actin cytoskeleton. Here, we studied the structure-function relationship of C2I by site-directed mutagenesis. Exchange of Glu389(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of psychological interventions in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is controversial. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of psychological interventions (psychotherapy, patient education, relaxation techniques) on health related quality of life, coping, emotional state and disease activity in IBD. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the(More)
The Th1 and Th2 T cell responses that underlie inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are likely to depend on NF-kappaB transcriptional activity. We explored this possibility in studies in which we determined the capacity of NF-kappaB decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (decoy ODNs) to treat various murine models of IBD. In initial studies, we showed that i.r.(More)
T helper type 1 (Th1) development is facilitated by interrelated changes in key intracellular factors, particularly signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)4, T-bet, and GATA-3. Here we show that CD4+ cells from T-bet-/- mice are skewed toward Th2 differentiation by high endogenous GATA-3 levels but exhibit virtually normal Th1(More)
BACKGROUND Vedolizumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting the α4β7-integrin, is effective in inducing and maintaining clinical remission in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis according to randomised clinical trials. AIM To determine the long-term effectiveness of vedolizumab in a real-world clinical setting. METHODS This observational registry(More)