Jan-Christian Hütter

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It is often assumed that the release of enzymes from oxygen deficient heart tissue is due to the irreversible damage of myocardial cells. However, because of diffusion barriers and inhomogeneity of oxygen-deficient tissue this hypothesis cannot be proven in heart tissue. The question whether enzyme release may already occur during reversible injury is of(More)
Ca2+-tolerant isolated adult heart cells can be exposed to 1 mM EGTA and then again to 1 mM CaCl2 without developing irreversible hypercontracture. Thus, they are not subject to the calcium paradox, even though they apparently become more permeable to Na+ during Ca2+-free incubation. When these cells are incubated anoxically without substrate they slowly(More)
Using a computer-assisted working rat heart preparation, which allows continuous registration of the respiratory quotient, it was tested which parameters determine fatty acid oxidation in the myocardium. Supplying albumin and palmitate in different concentrations the rate of fatty acid oxidation was measured. The UFA concentrations were calculated using(More)
Myocardial fatty acid oxidation has been reported to be accompanied by an elevated O2 consumption compared with carbohydrate oxidation. The exact amount of this additional O2 consumption is controversial. Different investigators have observed an O2 wasting effect that is too large to be explained by the different ATP-to-O2 ratios of these substrates. With(More)
Cultured adult cardiac myocytes were exposed to anoxia under substrate-free conditions and then reoxygenated. When comparing the oxygen deficient organ to the anoxic cell culture, we see that metabolic changes in the latter system proceed in a similar, yet prolonged manner, as in arrested hearts. Release of cytosolic enzymes starts with minor energetic(More)
Two mitochondrial subpopulations were isolated from guinea-pig heart by density gradient centrifugation. Under control conditions, both contain functionally intact mitochondria in which ischemic damage develops similarly. However, in one subpopulation adenine nucleotide content, adenine nucleotide translocase activity, oxidative phosphorylation and Ca2+(More)
Nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), glucose and lactate are major fuels for myocardial energy production. The ratio of energy produced and oxygen consumed, which can be expressed as ATP/O ratio, is different for each substrate: e.g. 3.17 for glucose and 2.83 for palmitate. Direct measurements, however, have shown that the difference of oxygen consumption is(More)
1. The review deals with possible mechanisms by which fatty acids amplify ischemic damage in myocardium. 2. The accumulation of free fatty acids, long chain acyl CoA and carnitine esters during hypoxia and their effects on various enzymatic systems are discussed. 3. Findings on the influence of exogenous fatty acids as well as observations concerning an(More)
The relationship between extracellular albumin and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations and the rate of fatty acid oxidation was studied. The data were obtained from tests performed on a working rat heart. When NEFA concentration was increased the rate of fatty acid oxidation showed a saturation curve at a constant NEFA/albumin ratio. Keeping(More)
An intact preparation of adult ventricular muscle cells was incubated in substrate-free, pH-constant, anoxic Tyrode solution. The time course of metabolic changes was found to depend on the relation of cell number to incubation volume: the smaller the volume, the faster anoxic damage develops. Energy needs decline rapidly during anoxia. Yet glycolytic(More)