Jan-Christian Hütter

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An intact preparation of adult ventricular muscle cells was incubated in substrate-free, pH-constant, anoxic Tyrode solution. The time course of metabolic changes was found to depend on the relation of cell number to incubation volume: the smaller the volume, the faster anoxic damage develops. Energy needs decline rapidly during anoxia. Yet glycolytic(More)
Two mitochondrial subpopulations were isolated from guinea-pig heart by density gradient centrifugation. Under control conditions, both contain functionally intact mitochondria in which ischemic damage develops similarly. However, in one subpopulation adenine nucleotide content, adenine nucleotide translocase activity, oxidative phosphorylation and Ca2+(More)
The effects of long-chain fatty acids on mitochondrial functions and red cell stability were studied. In albumin-containing incubation media, fatty acid distribution between the albumin-bound and the unbound fraction was estimated by calculation. When fatty acids are compared to one another on the basis of identical unbound concentrations, their(More)
To find a suitable index for the estimation of O2 consumption of rat hearts by use of hemodynamic parameters, isolated hearts were perfused under different working conditions. Coronary flow, arteriovenous O2 difference, cardiac output, and ventricular pressure curve were recorded and continuously fed into a computer. O2 consumption and different hemodynamic(More)
Cultured adult cardiac myocytes were exposed to anoxia under substrate-free conditions and then reoxygenated. When comparing the oxygen deficient organ to the anoxic cell culture, we see that metabolic changes in the latter system proceed in a similar, yet prolonged manner, as in arrested hearts. Release of cytosolic enzymes starts with minor energetic(More)
It is often assumed that the release of enzymes from oxygen deficient heart tissue is due to the irreversible damage of myocardial cells. However, because of diffusion barriers and inhomogeneity of oxygen-deficient tissue this hypothesis cannot be proven in heart tissue. The question whether enzyme release may already occur during reversible injury is of(More)
Nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), glucose and lactate are major fuels for myocardial energy production. The ratio of energy produced and oxygen consumed, which can be expressed as ATP/O ratio, is different for each substrate: e.g. 3.17 for glucose and 2.83 for palmitate. Direct measurements, however, have shown that the difference of oxygen consumption is(More)
The effects of various long-chain acyl-carnitines (AC) on mitochondrial functions and red cell membrane stability were studied. Lower concentrations slightly stimulate respiration-dependent functions such as phosphorylation rate and Ca++ uptake velocity, whereas higher concentrations inhibit these functions with concomitant depression of the ATP/O ratio.(More)
Myocardial fatty acid oxidation has been reported to be accompanied by an elevated O2 consumption compared with carbohydrate oxidation. The exact amount of this additional O2 consumption is controversial. Different investigators have observed an O2 wasting effect that is too large to be explained by the different ATP-to-O2 ratios of these substrates. With(More)
The effects of exogenous fatty acids and hypoxia on cardiac energy metabolism were studied by measuring mitochondrial and cytosolic adenine nucleotides as well as CoA and carnitine esters using a tissue fractionation technique in non-aqueous solvents. During normoxia, the administration of 0.5 mM palmitate caused a considerable increase in acyl-CoA and(More)