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In vitro protein refolding is still a bottleneck in both structural biology and in the development of new biopharmaceuticals, especially for commercially important polypeptides that are overexpressed in Escherichia coli. This review focuses on protein refolding methods based on column procedures because recent advances in chromatographic refolding have(More)
The molecular weight and size of recombinant Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) derived from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and the Hansenula polymorph have been characterized by high-performance size exclusion chromatography with multi-angle laser light scattering (HPSEC-MALLS). The average molecular weight of CHO-derived HBsAg particle (CHO-rHBsAg) (4921(More)
Using PCR, cloning and sequencing techniques, a 1.1-kb complementary DNA fragment encoding for a beta-mannanase (mannan endo-1,4-beta-mannosidase, EC 3.2.1.78) has been identified in the digestive gland of blue mussel, Mytilus edulis. The cDNA sequence shows significant sequence identity to several beta-mannanases in glycoside hydrolase family 5. The(More)
Two variants of an endo-beta-1,4-mannanase from the digestive tract of blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, were purified by a combination of immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography, size exclusion chromatography in the absence and presence of guanidine hydrochloride and ion exchange chromatography. The purified enzymes were characterized with regard to(More)
1-[2,4-Dihydroxy-6-methoxy-3,5-bis(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)phenyl]ethanone (1), and a new aryl ketone, named acrovestenol (2), were isolated as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitory principles from a CH2Cl2 extract of the bark of Acronychia pedunculata by a bioassay-guided fractionation procedure. Compound 2 inhibited COX-2 with an IC50 value of 142.0+/-2.15(More)
New methods for the chromatographic isolation of inclusion bodies directly from crude Escherichia coli homogenates and for the refolding of denatured protein are presented. The traditional method of differential centrifugation for the isolation of purified inclusion bodies is replaced by a single gel-filtration step. The principle is that the exclusion(More)
The non-structural protein 3 (NS3) of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) was expressed as inactive aggregates in Escherichia coli. The protein was refolded by chromatographic techniques of which ion exchange chromatography was best for crude samples and gel filtration best for partially purified samples. Immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography showed(More)
About 10% of the Chinese population are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Thus, the development of a highly efficient process for the preparation of a vaccine based on a recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is very important to the Chinese national immunization program. To this end, the ion exchange chromatography recovery of CHO-HBsAg(More)
A novel artificial chaperone system using a combination of interactions between the unfolded protein, a detergent and a chromatographic column packed with immobilized beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) polymer coupled to an agarose gel, was introduced to refold recombinant Staphylococcus aureus elongation factor-G (EF-G). Pre-mixing of 10% Triton X-100 and(More)
A simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of yield and conversion ratio of 4-nitro-1,8-naphthalic anhydride to 4-amino-1,8-naphthalic anhydride following incubation with a crude bakers' yeast homogenate. The analytes were separated on a C18 column in gradient mode. The(More)