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A key for long-term survival and function of biomaterials is that they do not elicit a detrimental immune response. As biomaterials can have profound impacts on the host immune response the concept emerged to design biomaterials that are able to trigger desired immunological outcomes and thus support the healing process. However, engineering such(More)
The extracellular matrix component hyaluronan (HA) exists physiologically as a high m.w. polymer but is cleaved at sites of inflammation, where it will be contacted by dendritic cells (DC). To determine the effects of HA on DC, HA fragments of different size were established. Only small HA fragments of tetra- and hexasaccharide size (sHA), but not of(More)
BACKGROUND A subgroup of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CU) exhibits IgE antibodies directed against autoantigens, such as thyroperoxidase (TPO). We conducted this study to investigate whether such patients with CU with IgE against TPO benefit from treatment with omalizumab, a humanized anti-IgE mAb licensed for the treatment of severe(More)
Low molecular weight fragmentation products of the polysaccharide of Hyaluronic acid (sHA) produced during inflammation have been shown to be potent activators of immunocompetent cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages. Here we report that sHA induces maturation of DCs via the Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4, a receptor complex associated with innate(More)
Tissues must quickly recognize injury to respond to the rapid pace of microbial growth. In skin, dermal microvascular endothelial cells must also react to danger signals from the surrounding tissue and immediately participate by initiating the wound repair process. Components of the extracellular matrix such as hyaluronan are rapidly broken down into(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) have an increasingly important role in vaccination therapy; therefore, this study sought to determine the migratory capacity and immunogenic function of murine bone-marrow (BM)-derived DC following subcutaneous (s.c.) and intravenous (i.v.) injection in vivo. DC were enriched from BM cultures using metrizamide. Following centrifugation,(More)
Upon antigen contact, epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) and dendritic cells (DC) leave peripheral organs and home to lymph nodes via the afferent lymphatic vessels and then assemble in the paracortical T cell zone and present antigen to T lymphocytes. Since splice variants of CD44 promote metastasis of certain tumors to lymph nodes, we explored the expression(More)
Glycosaminoglycan-modified isoforms of CD44 have been implicated in growth factor presentation at sites of inflammation. In the present study we show that COS cell transfectants expressing CD44 isoforms containing the alternatively spliced exon V3 are modified with heparan sulfate (HS). Binding studies with three HS-binding growth factors, basic-fibroblast(More)
Hyperforin is a plant derived antibiotic from St. John's wort. Here we describe a novel activity of hyperforin, namely its ability to inhibit the growth of tumour cells by induction of apoptosis. Hyperforin inhibited the growth of various human and rat tumour cell lines in vivo, with IC(50) values between 3-15 microM. Treatment of tumour cells with(More)