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PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to assess the contribution of age and disease variables to the outcome of untreated patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving varying intensive induction chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients 16 to 85 years of age with primary AML, known karyotype, and uniform postremission chemotherapy enrolled onto(More)
To improve the basis for the stratification of patients with refractory and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) univariate and multivariate analyses of prognostic factors were performed in 254 patients (median age 50 years, range 18-74) undergoing S-HAM salvage chemotherapy during two consecutive prospective trials of the German AML Cooperative Group. In(More)
BACKGROUND About 50% of patients (age ≥60 years) who have acute myeloid leukaemia and are otherwise medically healthy (ie, able to undergo intensive chemotherapy) achieve a complete remission (CR) after intensive chemotherapy, but with a substantially increased risk of early death (ED) compared with younger patients. We verified the association of standard(More)
Patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) show heterogeneous treatment outcomes. We used gene-expression profiling to develop a gene signature that predicts overall survival (OS) in CN-AML. Based on data from 163 patients treated in the German AMLCG 1999 trial and analyzed on oligonucleotide microarrays, we used supervised(More)
BACKGROUND The RUNX1 (AML1) gene is a frequent mutational target in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia. Previous studies suggested that RUNX1 mutations may have pathological and prognostic implications. DESIGN AND METHODS We screened 93 patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia for RUNX1 mutations by capillary(More)
BACKGROUND To determine dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and pharmacokinetics (PK) of oxaliplatin administered as hepatic arterial infusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with isolated hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer were treated every three weeks with increasing doses of oxaliplatin (4 hours; starting dose 25 mg/m2,(More)
Patients with refractory acute leukemias after intensive induction and salvage attempts have a particularly poor prognosis and therapeutic options are limited. In the current study, the pharmacologically based FIS-HAM regimen was applied, which included fludarabine 15 mg/m2 q 12 h (days 1, 2, 8, and 9), cytosine arabinoside as a 45-min infusion every 3 h at(More)
Based on molecular aberrations, in particular the NPM1 mutation (NPM1(mut)) and the FLT3 internal tandem duplication (Flt3-ITD), prognostic subgroups have been defined among patients with acute myeloid leukemia with normal karyotype. Whereas these subgroups are known to play an important role in outcome in first complete remission, and also in the(More)
Different metabolites of cytosine arabinoside (AraC) contribute to its cytotoxicity including incorporation of AraCTP into DNA, the incorporation of AraUMP into RNA, inhibition of polymerase alpha and beta (AraCMP/CTP), an impairment of repair mechanisms (AraCTP), alterations of phospholipid metabolism (AraCDP-choline), a direct membrane interaction (AraC),(More)