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We report above-ground biomass (AGB), basal area, stem density and wood mass density estimates from 260 sample plots (mean size: 1.2 ha) in intact closed-canopy tropical forests across 12 African countries. Mean AGB is 395.7 Mg dry mass ha⁻¹ (95% CI: 14.3), substantially higher than Amazonian values, with the Congo Basin and contiguous forest region(More)
Cardiac toxicity is one of the most concerning side effects of anti-cancer therapy. The gain in life expectancy obtained with anti-cancer therapy can be compromised by increased morbidity and mortality associated with its cardiac complications. While radiosensitivity of the heart was initially recognized only in the early 1970s, the heart is regarded in the(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a prospective longitudinal study to investigate the yet unknown clinical significance of myocardial fibrosis in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy without history of congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS At 3 tertiary referral centers, 228 patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy without history of CHF were(More)
The problem of how the scale, or spatial resolution, of reflectance data impacts retrievals of vegetation leaf area index (LAI) is addressed in this article. We define the goal of scaling as the process by which it is established that LAI values derived from coarse resolution sensor data equal the arithmetic average of values derived independently from fine(More)
The identification of a universal law that can predict the spatiotemporal structure of any entity at any scale has long been pursued. Thermodynamics have targeted this goal, and the concept of entropy has been widely applied for various disciplines and purposes, including landscape ecology. Within this discipline, however, the uses of the entropy concept(More)
AIMS The aim was to validate, update, and extend the Diamond-Forrester model for estimating the probability of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in a contemporary cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS Prospectively collected data from 14 hospitals on patients with chest pain without a history of CAD and referred for conventional coronary angiography (CCA)(More)
BACKGROUND Gadophrin-2 is a new MRI contrast agent with high affinity for necrotic myocardium. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether noninvasive measurements of infarct size after thrombolysis are possible with gadophrin-2-enhanced MRI. METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary artery thrombosis was induced in 3 groups of dogs by the copper-coil technique.(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular thrombus formation is a frequent and potentially dangerous complication in patients with ischemic heart disease. Although transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is generally used as diagnostic technique, we explored the role of contrast-enhanced (CE)-MRI to detect ventricular thrombi. METHODS AND RESULTS In 57 patients with acute(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the extent and nature of myocardial damage by using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in relation to different time-to-reperfusion intervals. BACKGROUND Previous studies evaluating the influence of time to reperfusion on infarct size (IS) and myocardial salvage in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(More)