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The purpose of our study was to investigate the inotropic response to the endogenous agonist norepinephrine mediated through alpha-1 adrenoceptors and to compare this response to that mediated through beta-adrenoceptors in failing human ventricular myocardium. We studied ex vivo the inotropic effect of norepinephrine in isometrically contracting trabecular(More)
Activation of 5-HT(4) receptors in failing ventricles elicits a cAMP-dependent positive inotropic response which is mainly limited by the cGMP-inhibitable phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3. However, PDE4 plays an additional role which is demasked by PDE3 inhibition. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cGMP generated by particulate and soluble(More)
OBJECTIVE Current guidelines are controversial regarding exercise intensity in cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation. Although high-intensity training induces larger increases in fitness and maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), moderate intensity is often recommended as equally effective. Controlled preclinical studies and randomized clinical trials are(More)
Previously, cardioexcitation by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) was believed to be confined to atria in mammals including man, and mediated through 5-HT(4) receptors in pig and man, but 5-HT(2A) receptors in rat. Recent studies, reviewed here, demonstrate that functional 5-HT(4) receptors can be revealed in porcine and human ventricular myocardium(More)
A positive inotropic responsiveness to serotonin, mediated by 5-HT(4) and 5-HT(2A) receptors, appears in the ventricle of rats with post-infarction congestive heart failure (HF) and pressure overload-induced hypertrophy. A hallmark of HF is a transition towards a foetal genotype which correlates with loss of cardiac functions. Thus, we wanted to investigate(More)
Studies suggest that increased activity of Gi contributes to the reduced β-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropic response (βAR-IR) in failing cardiomyocytes and that β2AR-IR but not β1AR-IR is blunted by dual coupling to Gs and Gi. We aimed to clarify the role of Gi upon the β1AR-IR and β2AR-IR in Sham and failing myocardium by directly measuring contractile(More)
Background: A recent meta-analysis of drug effects in patients with hypertension claims that all β-adrenergic blockers are equally effective but less so than other antihypertensive drugs. Published comparisons of the β-adrenergic blocker atenolol and non-atenolol β-adrenergic blockers indicate different effects on death rates, arrhythmias, peripheral(More)
Electrically driven (1 Hz) rabbit papillary muscles were examined ex vivo for the localisation of the alpha1- and beta-adrenoceptor populations relative to the sympathetic nerve endings and to each other. We determined the influence of neuronal uptake blockade by cocaine upon the horizontal position of the dose-response curves for the inotropic and(More)
We found previously that stimulation of natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B by C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in failing rat ventricle potentiates β1-adrenoceptor (β1-AR)-mediated inotropic response to noradrenaline through cGMP-mediated inhibition of phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3, thereby enhancing cAMP-mediated signalling. Increased cAMP-mediated(More)