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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of different treatment strategies on enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O104:H4 induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. DESIGN Multicentre retrospective case-control study. SETTING 23 hospitals in northern Germany. PARTICIPANTS 298 adults with enterohaemorrhagic E coli induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
BACKGROUND Shiga toxin-induced haemolytic uraemic syndrome (STEC-HUS) is an acute multisystem disorder characterized by renal failure, neurological dysfunction, haemolysis and intravascular thrombosis. Circulating microparticles originating from a number of cell types including thrombocytes and leucocytes are elevated in paediatric patients. In vitro data(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (AZGP1) is a secreted protein which is synthesized in a variety of cell types. AZGP1 has functionally been implicated in lipid metabolism, the regulation of cell cycling and cancer progression. Previous studies have shown increased circulating AZGP1 levels in patients with chronic kidney disease but AZGP1 has not been(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the underlying prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in women with benign cellular changes on a Papanicolaou smear, and to evaluate follow-up strategies to identify women at high risk for serious underlying pathology. METHODS Nonpregnant women aged 18 to 75 years with benign cellular changes on a Papanicolaou smear(More)
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) and acute kidney injury (AKI) after infection with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (EHEC) are clinically important complications. We present a retrospective analysis of abdominal ultrasound findings in patients with HUS caused by EHEC O104:H4 (n = 41). We assessed intrarenal resistance indices and quantitated kidney parenchymal(More)
Salivary gland enlargement by hypertrophy of normal-appearing parotid or submaxillary tissue is known as sialosis. It can be idiopathic, or may be associated with malnutrition, diabetes, bulimia, or alcoholism. When normal tissue is aspirated from an enlarged gland, one is tempted to diagnosed sialosis. We performed 26 such aspirates over a 5-yr period. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the utility of cytogenetic studies in the diagnosis of small non-cleaved cell lymphoma by fine needle aspiration. STUDY DESIGN Cases of suspected lymphoma were identified in a prospective fashion by an immediate examination of the fine needle aspirate material by the pathologist. In these instances, additional material was aspirated(More)
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an increasingly used biomarker for acute kidney injury (AKI). Its utility in adult patients with AKI caused by Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli infection (STEC)-associated haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS), remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of serum NGAL admission levels for(More)
Recent studies suggest that platelet transfusions are harmful in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, an entity of thrombotic microangiopathies. As the typical or Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli-induced hemolytic uremic syndrome (STEC-HUS) is also classified as thrombotic microangiopathy, we complement these data with an analysis of 250(More)
Sialolithiasis with obstruction of major salivary gland ducts can lead to clinical tumefaction related to cystic dilatation. In addition to mucus accumulation, these pseudoneoplasms feature hyperplasia and squamous metaplasia of the ductal lining epithelium, with varying degrees of inflammation. The authors report five examples of this lesion aspirated from(More)