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Outcome following cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation is dependent on critical interventions, particularly early defibrillation, effective chest compressions, and advanced life support. Utstein-style definitions and reporting templates have been used extensively in published studies of cardiac arrest, which has led to greater understanding of(More)
AIM To describe cardiac arrest data from five emergency medical services (EMS) systems in Europe with regard to survival from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS Based on recommendations from various countries in Europe EMS systems were approached with regard to survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Five EMS systems were asked to report(More)
AIMS Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation from cardiac arrest (CA) depends on numerous variables. The aim of this study was to develop a score to predict the initial resuscitation outcome-the RACA (ROSC after cardiac arrest) score. METHODS AND RESULTS Based on 5471 prospectively registered out-of-hospital CAs(More)
Outcome after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation is dependent on critical interventions, particularly early defibrillation, effective chest compressions, and advanced life support. Utstein-style definitions and reporting templates have been used extensively in published studies of cardiac arrest, which has led to greater understanding of the(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study is to evaluate the demographic characteristics of patients who suffered cardiac arrest in our intensive care units (ICUs) as well as to identify those factors influencing outcome after resuscitation following cardiac arrest. METHODS We reviewed the records of all patients who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation(More)
AIM We studied the course and success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) attempted on nursing home residents by a physician-staffed pre-hospital advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) team. METHODS Ambulance records of nursing home residents from Goettingen/Germany who had a cardiac arrest were examined retrospectively. RESULTS During a(More)
Im November 2005 publizierte der European Resuscitation Council (ERC) die neuen Leitlinien zur erweiterten Reanimation. Eines der Ziele dieser Leitlinien ist die Reduzierung der „no flow time“ (NFT), also der summativen Zeit, während der bei einer Reanimation keine Thoraxkompressionen stattfinden. Weiterhin wird in den Leitlinien empfohlen, die(More)
American Heart Association as well as European Resuscitation Council require the carotid pulse check to determine pulselessness in an unconscious victim and to decide whether or not cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be initiated. Recent studies on the ability of health professionals to check the carotid pulse have called this diagnostic tool in(More)
HINTERGRUND: Im Jahr 2005 veröffentlichte der European Resuscitation Council die neuen Richtlinien für "Advanced Life Support". Eines der Ziele ist die Reduzierung der so genannten "No-Flow-Zeit", definiert als die Zeit, in der während des Herz-Kreislauf-Stillstandes keine Herzdruckmassage stattfindet. Wir überprüften in einer Studie am Reanimationsphantom(More)
UNLABELLED In the current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC), tracheal intubation, as an instrument for securing the airway during resuscitation, has become less important for persons not trained in this method. For those persons, different supraglottic airway devices are recommended by the ERC. The present investigation deals with the(More)