Jan B de Vries

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Dose-effect curves were established for the effects of the antipsychotic drugs haloperidol, clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone and ziprasidone on extracellular levels of dopamine and noradrenaline in the medial prefrontal cortex, and of dopamine in the striatum. Haloperidol was more effective in stimulating the release of dopamine in the striatum, whereas(More)
In the present study we have compared the effects of the classical antipsychotic drug haloperidol and four different atypical antipsychotics (clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, ziprasidone) on extracellular levels of dopamine and noradrenaline in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) of conscious rats. Haloperidol (10, 100 and 800 nmol/kg), clozapine (0.3,(More)
Receptor-specific compounds were applied by retrograde microdialysis to the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the rat brain. The effects of intrategmental infusions on extracellular dopamine in the ipsilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) were recorded with a second microdialysis probe. Intrategmental infusion of tetradotoxin (1 microM), muscimol (20 microM) or(More)
Dopamine was determined by microdialysis of the striatum of conscious rats. We investigated whether the release of dopamine, induced by nine different pharmacological treatments, was sensitive to calcium antagonism. Calcium antagonism was determined by Mg2+ or Cd2+ infusion. The following conditions were investigated: haloperidol, haloperidol plus GBR(More)
The present study demonstrates the feasibility of measuring acetylcholine in perfusion samples collected by means of in vivo brain dialysis in the striata of freely moving rats. The output of the dialysis device was directly connected to an automated sample valve of a HPLC-assay system that comprises a cation exchanger, a post-column enzyme reactor, and an(More)
Brain dialysis is rapidly becoming a routine research method with a wide range of applications. Since 1982 this sampling technique is frequently used as a method to study the in vivo release of endogenous neurotransmitters such as dopamine, noradrenaline, serotonin, acetylcholine and certain amino acids. In this review most of the studies that have appeared(More)
Large doses of dexamphetamine, methylamphetamine and MPTP failed to induce the formation of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in rat striatum. The potent dopamine (DA) releasing actions of these drugs and of the MPTP metabolite MPP+ were shown by intracerebral dialysis of DA in conscious rats but 6-OHDA was not detectable in the perfusates. Neurotoxic effects of(More)
The effects of the dopamine (DA) re-uptake blockers amfonelic acid and GBR 12909 on the in vivo release of DA were investigated. DA release was measured by means of a fully automated brain dialysis system. GBR 12909 induced a 3-fold increase in the output of DA; amfonelic acid was without effect. These results indicate a dissociation between the behavioural(More)
An on-line microdialysis system was developed which monitored the 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) formation in the striatum during infusion of a submicromolar concentration of an L-aromatic amino-acid decarboxylase inhibitor (NSD 1015). The absence of DOPA in dialysates of 6-hydroxydopamine-pretreated rats and the disappearance of DOPA after(More)