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BACKGROUND Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a prototypic long pentraxin with structural similarities in the C-terminal domain to the classical short pentraxins C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component. PTX3 is suggested to play an important role in the innate resistance against pathogens, regulation of inflammatory reactions, and clearance of apoptotic(More)
A growing body of evidence implicates ceramide and/or its glycosphingolipid metabolites in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. We have developed a highly specific small molecule inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase, an enzyme that catalyzes a necessary step in the conversion of ceramide to glycosphingolipids. In cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes, the(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is overexpressed in diabetic nephropathy (DN) and has therefore been implicated in its pathogenesis. The objective of the present study was to determine the tissue distribution of increased CTGF expression and the relationship of plasma, urinary, and renal CTGF levels to the development and severity of DN. We studied(More)
HgCl2 induces an autoimmune syndrome in Brown Norway rats that involves synthesis of anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies and development of nephritis with high proteinuria. HgCl2-induced changes in the composition of leukocyte populations and in the expression of MHC antigens in lymphoid and nonlymphoid organs were investigated by flow(More)
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is essential for somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination of the immunoglobulin (IG) genes in B cells. It has recently been proposed that AID, as the newly identified DNA mutator in man, may be instrumental in initiation and progression of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (B-NHL). We quantitatively(More)
Glycosphingolipids are structural membrane components, residing largely in the plasma membrane with their sugar-moieties exposed at the cell's surface. In recent times a crucial role for glycosphingolipids in insulin resistance has been proposed. A chronic state of insulin resistance is a rapidly increasing disease condition in Western and developing(More)
Injection of a low dose of mercuric chloride into Brown Norway (BN) rats caused a marked decrease in the concanavalin A (ConA)-induced generation of interferon-gamma-producing cells (IFN-gamma pc) in spleen cell cultures prepared 1 h after mercury administration. A second injection 48 h later caused a further diminution of IFN-gamma pc down to 30% of the(More)
Class III multidrug resistance (MDR) P-glycoproteins (P-gp), mdr2 in mice and MDR3 in man, mediate the translocation of phosphatidylcholine across the canalicular membrane of the hepatocyte. Mice with a disrupted mdr2 gene completely lack biliary phospholipid excretion and develop progressive liver disease, characterized histologically by portal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) type 3 have a mutation in the MDR3 gene, encoding the hepatocanalicular phospholipid translocator. In general, liver failure develops within the first decade of life in these patients. Previous studies have shown that in the mdr2-knockout mouse, the animal model for this(More)