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PURPOSE A subset of head and neck cancers is associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Viral infection is closely correlated with expression of p16(INK4A) in these tumors. We evaluated p16(INK4A) as a prognostic marker of treatment response and survival in a well-defined and prospectively collected cohort of patients treated solely with conventional(More)
PURPOSE Hypoxia is a cause of resistance to radiotherapy, especially in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate (18)F-fluoroazomycin arabinoside (FAZA) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) hypoxia imaging as a prognostic factor in HNSCC patients receiving radiotherapy. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes related to the biological response to radiation injury may affect clinical normal tissue radiosensitivity. This study investigates whether seven selected SNPs in five candidate genes influence risk of subcutaneous fibrosis and telangiectasia after radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The(More)
The lack of large panels of validated antibodies, tissue handling variability, and intratumoral heterogeneity potentially hamper comprehensive study of the functional proteome in non-microdissected solid tumors. The purpose of this study was to address these concerns and to demonstrate clinical utility for the functional analysis of proteins in(More)
BACKGROUND The concentration of osteopontin (SPP1) in plasma is associated with tumour hypoxia. The DAHANCA 5 trial found that the hypoxia radiosensitiser nimorazole significantly improved the outcome of radiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer compared with placebo. However, whether all patients benefit from such modification of hypoxia is(More)
Recent studies suggest that normal tissue radiosensitivity is influenced by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in certain genes. In order to seek a confirmation of these findings, this study investigated SNPs in genes TGFB1 (position -509, codon 10 and codon 25), SOD2 (codon 16), XRCC1 (codon 399), XRCC3 (codon 241), APEX (codon 148) and ATM (codon(More)
PURPOSE Hypoxia adversely relates with prognosis in human tumours. Five hypoxia specific predictive marker assays were compared and correlated with definitive radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-seven patients with advanced head and neck carcinomas were studied for pre-treatment plasma osteopontin measured by ELISA, tumour oxygenation status using(More)
The p16Ink4/CDKN2, D-type cyclins, their partners Cdk4/Cdk6, and pRb constitute a G1 regulatory pathway commonly targeted in tumorigenesis. Genetic, immunochemical, and functional cell cycle analyses showed abnormalities of this pathway in each of 22 human melanoma cell lines examined. Normal melanocytes and all melanoma lines expressed Cdk4, Cdk6, and(More)
BACKGROUND HPV/p16-positive head and neck cancers (HNSCC) show superior response to radiotherapy, compared with virus-negative tumours. Tumour hypoxia induces radioresistance and the randomised DAHANCA 5 trial found that the hypoxic cell radiosensitiser nimorazole significantly improved the outcome in HNSCC. Using p16-status as a retrospective(More)
Cancer patients exhibit large patient-to-patient variability in normal tissue reactions after radiotherapy. Several observations support the hypothesis that clinical normal tissue radiosensitivity is influenced by genetic factors. However, very little is known about the genetic variation possibly underlying inter-individual differences in normal tissue(More)