Jan Aldershvile

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CONTEXT Results from recent studies on the effects of beta1-blockade in patients with heart failure demonstrated a 34% reduction in total mortality. However, the effect of beta1-blockade on the frequency of hospitalizations, symptoms, and quality of life in patients with heart failure has not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Arterial blood pressure and cardiac output are often reduced in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Counterregulatory mechanisms with increased neurohormonal activation and changes in the distribution of cardiac output are assumed to secure vital organ perfusion. However, clinical examination of patients with CHF frequently(More)
ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG), Silvia G. Priori (Chairperson) (Italy), Maria Angeles Alonso Garcia (Spain), Jean-Jacques Blanc (France), Andrzej Budaj (Poland), Martin Cowie (UK), Veronica Dean (France), Jaap Deckers (The Netherlands), Enrique Fernández Burgos (Spain), John Lekakis (Greece), Bertil Lindahl (Sweden), Gianfranco Mazzotta(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Under normal circumstances, autoregulation maintains cerebral blood flow (CBF) constant within a wide range of mean arterial pressure (MAP). It remains unknown whether patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest have preserved CBF autoregulation. In this study, CBF autoregulation was investigated within the first 24 hours after(More)
We examined the action of levosimendan, a new Ca2+-sensitizing inodilator, on isolated porcine coronary arteries. Vessel rings were studied in isometric myographs. Arterial cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. Levosimendan (10(-7)-10(-3) M) completely relaxed arteries preconstricted by prostaglandin F2alpha(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against the core antigen of the hepatitis B virus (antiHBc IgM) is described. The interference of IgM rheumatoid factor was evaluated quantitatively. In the anti-HBc IgM test, the rheumatoid factor gave false-positive results when the concentration exceeded 20(More)
Thiols like glutathione may serve as reducing cofactors in the production of nitric oxide (NO) and protect NO from inactivation by radical oxygen species. Depletion of thiol compounds reduces NO-mediated vascular effects in vitro and in vivo. The mechanisms underlying these actions are not clear, but may involve decreased synthesis of NO and/or increased(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in sulfhydryl (SH) compound availability may alter the hemodynamic effect of nitroglycerin (NTG). Data on the relation between NTG effect and thiol levels are, however, limited to in vitro experiments. The present study investigates how intracellular and extracellular changes in SH group concentrations (cysteine and glutathione [GSH])(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether high conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK(Ca)) are mediating the vasodilator action of hydralazine. In isolated porcine coronary arteries, hydralazine (1-300 microM), like the K+ channel opener levcromakalim, preferentially relaxed contractions induced by K+ (20 mM) compared with K+ (80 mM). In(More)
Shear stress and tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors have been shown to activate the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in a Ca2+/calmodulin-independent manner. We report here that isometric contraction of rabbit aorta activates eNOS by a pharmacologically identical pathway. Endothelium-intact aortic rings were precontracted under isometric conditions up to 60% of(More)