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OBJECTIVE A prospective randomized multicenter study was performed to assess whether the results of pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) equal those of the standard Whipple (SW) operation, especially with respect to duration of surgery, blood loss, hospital stay, delayed gastric emptying (DGE), and survival. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA PPPD has(More)
The 15th Dutch Eleven Cities ice skating marathon was run on Saturday 4th January 1997. Numerous measures were taken to reduce the risk of accidents: active or standby were 7 hospitals, 3 helicopters for transport of casualties, 60 first-aid stations along the route, 600 first-aiders, 120 Red Cross workers, 50 GPs, 10 diving teams and a large police(More)
Skating is a favourite sport in the Netherlands. Injury data on skating were collected from the emergency departments of 6 hospitals in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands during the Eleven Cities ice skating marathon over 200 kilometers in January 1997, with 16,688 participants. Among a total of 55 fractures, the maxillofacial skeleton had a(More)
The weather conditions during the 15th Eleven Cities ice skating marathon (200 kilometers) in Friesland (the Netherlands) on 4 January, 1997, were better than predicted. For measurement of the windchill factor the Steadman scale is preferred to the Siple and Passel scale. For ice skaters the windchill factor is lower than for the spectators, due to the drag(More)
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