Jan A. M. Neelissen

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Abnormal tau phosphorylation resulting in detachment of tau from microtubules and aggregation are critical events in neuronal dysfunction, degeneration, and neurofibrillary pathology seen in Alzheimer's disease. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) is a key target for drug discovery in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and related tauopathies because of(More)
The presence of beta-amyloid plaques in brain is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and serves as a biomarker for confirmation of diagnosis postmortem. Positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands such as Pittsburgh compound B ([(11)C]-2-(3-fluoro-4-methylamino-phenyl)-benzothiazol-6-ol) (PIB) binds selectively to beta-amyloid and are promising new(More)
We compare three different approaches to scale clearance (CL) from human hepatocyte and microsome CL(int) (intrinsic CL) for 52 drug compounds. By using the well-stirred model with protein binding included only 11% and 30% of the compounds were predicted within 2-fold and the average absolute fold errors (AAFE) for the predictions were 5.9 and 4.1 for(More)
The syntheses and SAR of new series of beta-amyloid binding agents are reported. The effort to optimize signal-to-background ratios for these ligands are described. Compounds 8, 21 and 30 displayed desirable lipophilicity and pharmacokinetic properties. Compounds 8 and 21 were evaluated with in vitro autoradiographic studies and in vivo in APP/PS1(More)
The synthesis and SAR of a new series of LXR agonist is reported. The N-Aryl-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-propionamide hits were found in a limited screen of the AstraZeneca compound collection. The effort to optimize these hits into LXRbeta selectivity is described. Compound 20 displayed desirable pharmacokinetic profile and up regulation of ABCA1(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β, also called tau phosphorylating kinase, is a proline-directed serine/threonine kinase which was originally identified due to its role in glycogen metabolism. Active forms of GSK3β localize to pretangle pathology including dystrophic neuritis and neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. By using a high(More)
Periportal and perivenous parenchymal cells were isolated by the digitonin-pulse perfusion method. The digitonin-pulse perfusion was shown to lead to selective lysis of the correct zone with a straight and sharp border of two to three cells. The mean ratios of alanine aminotransferase activity (a marker for periportal parenchymal cells) and glutamine(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands that bind selectively to beta-amyloid plaques (Abeta) are promising imaging tools aimed at supporting the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and the evaluation of new drugs aiming to modify amyloid plaque load. For extended clinical use, there is a particular need for PET tracers labeled with fluorine-18, a(More)
The evaluation of a series of bicyclic aminoimidazoles as potent BACE-1 inhibitors is described. The crystal structures of compounds 14 and 23 in complex with BACE-1 reveal hydrogen bond interactions with the protein important for achieving potent inhibition. The optimization of permeability and efflux properties of the compounds is discussed as well as the(More)
The synthesis and SAR of new β-amyloid binding agents are reported. Evaluation of important properties for achieving good signal-to-background ratio is described. Compounds 27, 33, and 36 displayed desirable lipophilic and pharmacokinetic properties. Compound 27 was further evaluated with autoradiographic studies in vitro on human brain tissue and in vivo(More)