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—This statement examines the relation of the resting ECG to its technology. Its purpose is to foster understanding of how the modern ECG is derived and displayed and to establish standards that will improve the accuracy and usefulness of the ECG in practice. Derivation of representative waveforms and measurements based on global intervals are described.(More)
There is a trend towards automatic analysis of large amounts of literature in the biomedical domain. However, this can be effective only if the ambiguity in natural language is resolved. In this paper, the current state of research in word sense disambiguation (WSD) is reviewed. Several methods for WSD have already been proposed, but many systems have been(More)
T he present article is the fourth in a series of 6 documents focused on providing current guidelines for the standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram (ECG). The project was initiated by the Council on Clinical Cardiology of the American Heart Association. The rationale for this project and the process for its implementation were(More)
Scientific literature is often fragmented, which implies that certain scientific questions can only be answered by combining information from various articles. In this paper, a new algorithm is proposed for finding associations between related concepts present in literature. To this end, concepts are mapped to a multi-dimensional space by a Hebbian type of(More)
The electrocardiographic PR interval (or PQ interval) reflects atrial and atrioventricular nodal conduction, disturbances of which increase risk of atrial fibrillation. We report a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for PR interval from seven population-based European studies in the CHARGE Consortium: AGES, ARIC, CHS, FHS, KORA, Rotterdam(More)
MOTIVATION From the scientific community, a lot of effort has been spent on the correct identification of gene and protein names in text, while less effort has been spent on the correct identification of chemical names. Dictionary-based term identification has the power to recognize the diverse representation of chemical information in the literature and(More)
BACKGROUND Massive text mining of the biological literature holds great promise of relating disparate information and discovering new knowledge. However, disambiguation of gene symbols is a major bottleneck. RESULTS We developed a simple thesaurus-based disambiguation algorithm that can operate with very little training data. The thesaurus comprises the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In order for computers to extract useful information from unstructured text, a concept normalization system is needed to link relevant concepts in a text to sources that contain further information about the concept. Popular concept normalization tools in the biomedical field are dictionary-based. In this study we investigate the(More)
Anni 2.0 is an online tool (http://biosemantics.org/anni/) to aid the biomedical researcher with a broad range of information needs. Anni provides an ontology-based interface to MEDLINE and retrieves documents and associations for several classes of biomedical concepts, including genes, drugs and diseases, with established text-mining technology. In this(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic importance of the spatial QRS-T angle for fatal and non-fatal cardiac events. METHODS AND RESULTS Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded in 6134 men and women aged 55 years and over from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study. Spatial QRS-T angles were categorized as normal, borderline or(More)