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s of 2,160 publications were screened against the I/E criteria independently by 2 reviewers (i.e., independent contractors) which resulted in 1,776 publications being excluded and 384 publications being M AN US CR IP T AC CE PT ED ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT Jensen MD, et al. 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS Obesity Guideline 37 retrieved for full text review to further assess(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)
CONTEXT Behavioral weight loss interventions achieve short-term success, but re-gain is common. OBJECTIVE To compare 2 weight loss maintenance interventions with a self-directed control group. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two-phase trial in which 1032 overweight or obese adults (38% African American, 63% women) with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or(More)
BACKGROUND The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure. OBJECTIVE To compare the 18-month effects of 2 multicomponent behavioral interventions versus advice only on hypertension status, lifestyle changes, and blood pressure. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND To improve methods for long-term weight management, the Weight Loss Maintenance (WLM) trial, a four-center randomized trial, was conducted to compare alternative strategies for maintaining weight loss over a 30-month period. This paper describes methods and results for the initial 6-month weight-loss program (Phase I). METHODS Eligible adults(More)
BACKGROUND Consumption of liquid calories from beverages has increased in parallel with the obesity epidemic in the US population, but their causal relation remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine how changes in beverage consumption affect weight change among adults. DESIGN This was a prospective study of 810 adults(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary energy density (ED) reductions are associated with energy intake (EI) reductions. Little is known about influences on body weight (BW). OBJECTIVES We examined the effects of behavioral interventions on ED values and explored how 6-mo ED changes relate to BW. DESIGN Prehypertensive and hypertensive persons were randomly assigned to 1(More)
Recommendations for control of high blood pressure (BP) emphasize lifestyle modification, including weight loss, reduced sodium intake, increased physical activity, and limited alcohol consumption. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern also lowers BP. The PREMIER randomized trial tested multicomponent lifestyle interventions on(More)
BACKGROUND Initial findings from the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-Sodium Trial demonstrated that reduction of sodium intake in two different diets decreased blood pressure in participants with and without hypertension. OBJECTIVE To determine effects on blood pressure of reduced sodium intake and the DASH diet in additional subgroups. (More)
In the past decades, the sophistication of treatments for diabetes has increased dramatically, and evidence for effective interventions has proliferated. As a result, it is now possible to achieve excellent glucose control and reduce the risk of many of the complications associated with the disease. Despite these advances, however, many people with diabetes(More)