Jamshid Shirani

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OBJECTIVE To develop clinical, demographic, and pathological profiles of young competitive athletes who died suddenly. DESIGN Systematic evaluation of clinical information and circumstances associated with sudden deaths; interviews with family members, witnesses, and coaches; and analyses of postmortem anatomic, microscopic, and toxicologic data. (More)
Heart failure is a common, lethal condition whose pathogenesis is poorly understood. Recent studies have identified low levels of myocyte apoptosis (80-250 myocytes per 10(5) nuclei) in failing human hearts. It remains unclear, however, whether this cell death is a coincidental finding, a protective process, or a causal component in pathogenesis. Using(More)
Recently, development of a caveolin-1-deficient (Cav-1 null) mouse model has allowed the detailed analysis of caveolin-1's function in the context of a whole animal. Interestingly, we now report that the hearts of Cav-1 null mice are markedly abnormal, despite the fact that caveolin-1 is not expressed in cardiac myocytes. However, caveolin-1 is abundantly(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that muscle cell caveolae may function as specialized membrane micro-domains in which the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex and cellular signaling molecules reside. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3) is the only caveolin family member expressed in striated muscle cell types (cardiac and skeletal). Interestingly, skeletal muscle fibers from(More)
Expression of Cardiac Cytokines and Inducible Form of Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS2) in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected Mice. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology (1999) 31, 75-88. Both cardiac cytokine and inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) expression have been implicated in the cardiac dysfunction associated with myocarditis and cardiomyopathy.(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examines the distribution patterns and the clinical significance of the "solitary coronary ostium" in the aorta in the absence of other major congenital cardiovascular anomalies. BACKGROUND Ogden in 1970 classified "single coronary artery" into 14 basic distribution patterns. Since then, other patterns of distribution of single(More)
BACKGROUND Nonrheumatic aortic stenosis (NAS) is considered to be a degenerative process characterized by valve thickening, fibrocalcific masses, collagen disarray, and an inflammatory infiltrate. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc- and calcium-dependent enzymes produced by inflammatory cells that are capable of degrading collagen,(More)
BACKGROUND Although the occurrence of cardiac myocyte apoptosis during heart failure has been documented, its importance in pathogenesis is unknown. Transgenic mice with cardiac-restricted overexpression of Galpha(q) exhibit a lethal, peripartum cardiomyopathy accompanied by apoptosis. To test whether apoptosis is causally linked to heart failure, we(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary cardiac disease with a diverse clinical spectrum, in which many of the abnormal structural and pathophysiologic features are consequences of inappropriate left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS We analyzed the amount, distribution and structure of the cardiac collagen network in transmural sections(More)
Cardiac adiposity defined as increased epicardial adipose tissue and massive deposits of fat within the atrial septum (lipomatous hypertrophy) is seen in overweight persons and is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), atrial arrhythmias, and increased risk of left ventricular free wall rupture after acute myocardial infarction. Unlike subcutaneous(More)