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BACKGROUND Vertical scar reduction mammaplasty has the advantage of reduced scar burden and improved long-term projection of the breasts. The technique has been criticized for being restricted to cases of mild to moderate mammary hypertrophy and is considered more intuitive and difficult to learn when compared with more conventional inverted-T scar(More)
BACKGROUND Gynecomastia is a common condition affecting many adolescent and adult males. Surgical techniques utilizing a variety of incisions, excisions, suction-assisted lipectomy, ultrasound-assisted liposuction, power-assisted liposuction, or some combination of these methods have been used in the treatment of gynecomastia. This article describes the(More)
Sepsis is one of the major causes of human morbidity and results in a considerable number of deaths each year. Lipopolysaccharide-induced sepsis has been associated with TLR4 signalling pathway which in collaboration with the JAK/STAT signalling regulate endotoxemia and inflammation. However, during sepsis our immune system cannot maintain a balance of(More)
BACKGROUND The emergence of new technologies necessitates a study of current trends in liposuction and other methods for fat removal. OBJECTIVE The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) conducted a survey of its members to gain valuable information from Board-certified plastic surgeons about their experience with new technologies for fat(More)
Information security is one of the most challenging problems in today's technological world. In order to secure the transmission of secret data over the public network (Internet), various schemes have been presented over the last decade. Steganography combined with cryptography, can be one of the best choices for solving this problem. This paper proposes a(More)
BACKGROUND In 2006, a survey performed by Morrison et al analyzed the experience of aesthetic surgery training from the perspective of residents and their program directors in plastic surgery programs across the United States. OBJECTIVES The authors conducted a survey to follow-up on the Morrison results three years after publication, to assess the(More)
BACKGROUND Experience with anatomical dissection has suggested that two potential complications of rhytidectomy are related to the anatomy of the periauricular adipose compartments: great auricular nerve injury and the "subauricular band" phenomenon. This study describes this anatomy and its relationship to these potential complications. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Complex abdominal wall defects can present a significant challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. In 2003, acellular dermal matrix (ADM) was introduced as an alternative to synthetic materials with suggestions that it has improved capacity to integrate with surrounding tissues with less inclination towards infection, erosion, extrusion, adhesion(More)
Angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8) (also known as betatrophin) is a newly identified secretory protein with a potential role in autophagy, lipid metabolism and pancreatic beta-cell proliferation. Its structural characterization is required to enhance our current understanding of its mechanism of action which could help in identifying its receptor and/or(More)