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BACKGROUND & AIMS Increased concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a potent proinflammatory cytokine, can be shown in the mucosa of patients with active Crohn's disease. Neutralization of TNF has been shown to decrease recruitment of inflammatory cells and granuloma formation in several animal models. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the effect of a daily dosing schedule of the chimeric anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody (MAb), cM-T412, in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and compared lymphocyte changes in the peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of these patients. METHODS Twelve patients received 50 mg/day of cM-T412 for 5 days, followed by a maintenance(More)
This study investigates immunogenicity and in vivo effects on T-cells of long-term CD4 monoclonal antibody treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Patients were treated with several dosage regimens of a chimeric CD4 monoclonal antibody entitled cM-T412 over the course of 1 year. The circulating CD4+ T-cell count sharply decreased after the first(More)
PURPOSE Immunotherapy is the titrated exposure of allergens to induce immunologic tolerance and offers long-term immune modification. Traditional subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) has resulted in several deaths and raised safety concerns. Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is an alternative administration route for allergen-specific immunotherapy. Compared to(More)
Crohn's disease has frequently been associated with coagulation abnormalities, causing intravascular deposition of fibrin and local infarction which can subsequently compromise the gut mucosa. Also, arterial and venous thromboembolic complications of larger vessels appear to be associated with Crohn's disease. Coagulation activation in patients with Crohn's(More)
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) permits rapid antigen escalation with an improved safety profile over that of subcutaneous immunotherapy. Outcomes for SLIT in terms of the timing of clinical improvement were investigated in a retrospective review of patients undergoing SLIT who completed quality of life (QOL) and medication-use questionnaires at baseline(More)
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