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Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we estimate the determinants and direction of change in individual racial identification among multiracial and monoracial adolescents as they transition to young adulthood. We find that while many multiracials subsequently identify as monoracials, sizable numbers of monoracials also(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging agents blocking the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway show activity in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy after PD-1 inhibition. PATIENTS AND(More)
Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we utilize the concepts of homophily, blending, and amalgamation to describe the possible friendship patterns of multiracials. Homophily occurs when multiracials are most likely to choose other multiracials as friends. Blending occurs when friendship patterns of multiracials are(More)
Advances in genomic technology have put the utility of collecting racial and ethnic data into question. Some researchers are optimistic about the potential of moving toward "personalized medicine" by using a person's genome to administer medications. Genetics will not erase the importance of race and ethnicity because race and ethnicity do not measure(More)
Transrectal ultrasound-guided percutaneous transperineal prostate cryoablation has many attractive features both to the patient and to the urologist. The procedure typically can be done in a period of 2 hours or less on an outpatient basis with minimal blood loss and with the patient under regional or general anesthesia. With more experience in using the(More)
To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment patterns and outcomes in advanced small cell bladder cancer (aSCBC) patients and compare to those with urothelial carcinoma (UC). Individuals in the National Cancer Data Base with a diagnosis of either nodal (TxN+M0) or distant metastatic (TxNxM1) disease were identified from 1998 to 2010. We assessed the(More)
We report a young woman who presented with a reproductive history of three recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA) and two neonatal deaths. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was used to determine the chromosomal composition of the patient's last miscarriage. It showed the presence of monosomy for the distal end of chromosome 2 long arm (segment 2q37.2(More)
BACKGROUND The programmed death 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitors (CKIs) can lead to immune-related adverse events (irAEs). We sought to evaluate whether the development of irAEs correlates with treatment response in non-melanoma malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of patients who received anti-PD-1 CKI monotherapy at Fox(More)
PURPOSE Radical prostatectomy is considered the gold standard for treatment of localized prostate cancer, either as primary or salvage therapy. Recently with the advent of increased organ transplantation, use of prostatic specific antigen for cancer detection and cryoablation as an alternative treatment, more men with prostate cancer can be considered for(More)
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