Jamie L. Resnik

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) ligands, including the insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinedione drugs, transcriptionally regulate hundreds of genes. Little is known about the relationship between PPARγ ligand-specific modulation of cellular mechanisms and insulin sensitization. We characterized the insulin sensitivity and multitissue gene(More)
OBJECTIVE B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is synthesized in cardiac ventricles in response to volume expansion. This study evaluated BNP levels to determine trends during pregnancy, and to assess BNP as a diagnostic tool in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN We studied 163 BNP levels in 118 pregnant women, ranging from first trimester to term. An additional 34(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance is manifested in muscle, adipose tissue, and liver and is associated with adipose tissue inflammation. The cellular components and mechanisms that regulate the onset of diet-induced insulin resistance are not clearly defined. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We initially observed osteopontin (OPN) mRNA over-expression in(More)
There is strong evidence to suggest that insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I may be important for tumor growth. Both the insulin and IGF-I receptors (IGF-IR) are overexpressed in breast cancer, and antibody blockade of the IGF-IR inhibits the growth of some breast cancer cell lines. Furthermore, expression of an insulin receptor (IR) in a normal(More)
Beta-arrestin1 is an adapter/scaffold for many G protein-coupled receptors during mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Phosphorylation of beta-arrestin1 at position Ser-412 is a regulator of beta-arrestin1 function, and in the present study, we showed that insulin led to a time- and dose-dependent increase in beta-arrestin1 Ser-412 phosphorylation,(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I action has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many different malignancies, including breast cancer. Insulinlike growth factor I receptors (IGF-IRs) are overexpressed in virtually all breast cancer cell lines, in which they are believed to enhance growth and inhibit apoptosis. In this study, the functional activity of IGF-IRs(More)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When(More)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When(More)
We have shown previously that a 500-bp region of the human insulin receptor promoter (-0.3 to -1.8 kb) was able to stimulate transcription from a heterologous thymidine kinase promoter in HepG2 hepatoma cells but not in HeLa fibroblasts. Footprint analysis localized the transcription factor binding sites to a 36-bp region at -1420. In this paper, we analyze(More)
The ability of the human insulin receptor promoter to direct expression of a linked chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene was assessed in transient transfections into HepG2 and Hela cells. A 5'-deletional analysis of the promoter showed that regions between -646 and -489 were important for the activity of the proximal promoter. In addition, a possible(More)