Learn More
We investigated how sex and estrous cycle influenced spatial recognition memory in the Y-maze after exposure to acute restraint stress. In Experiment 1, intact male and female rats were restrained for 1 h and then 2 h after the start of restraint, rats were trained on the Y-maze. After a 4 h delay, hippocampal-dependent spatial recognition memory was(More)
Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of kainic acid (KA) to rats produces neuronal loss in the hippocampus and other areas of the limbic system. The present study demonstrates that i.c.v. KA enhances the locomotor response to novelty and saline injection, as well as to amphetamine and MK-801. Sixteen to 18 days after i.c.v. administration of KA(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the ability of the hippocampus to withstand a metabolic challenge following chronic stress. An N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor excitotoxin (ibotenic acid, IBO) was infused into the CA3 region of the hippocampus following a period of restraint for 6 h/day/21 days. Following the end of restraint when CA3 dendritic(More)
Social expectancies are assumed by many researchers to influence the reporting of menstrual and premenstrual symptoms. This study investigated the role of expectancies by attempting to manipulate college women's expectancies for a negative mood-menstrual relationship and observing the effect on self-reported daily moods. One group of women viewed a(More)
Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of kainic acid (KA) produces graded neuronal loss in the hippocampus and other regions of the medial temporal lobe. Many of these brain regions send excitatory projections to the nucleus accumbens, a dopaminergic brain area implicated in psychotomimetic and antipsychotic drug action. In the present study,(More)
Spontaneous and amphetamine-elicited locomotor activity in rats is reduced by most clinically effective antipsychotic drugs. We have recently demonstrated that intracerebroventricular infusion of kainic acid (KA), which produces cell loss in the hippocampus and other limbic-cortical brain regions, increases spontaneous and amphetamine-elicited locomotion.(More)
Repeated exposure of rats to sublethal doses of soman resulted in moderate to severe symptoms of anticholinesterase intoxication and a pronounced weight loss within a small subgroup of these animals. A consistent pattern of cell loss and extensive neuronal necrosis appeared in specific brain areas within this subgroup. This neuropathology was not noted in(More)
Little is known about what factors affect the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with sickle cell disease (SCD), and how their HRQoL changes over time. This retrospective study included 87 AYAs attending a SCD Adolescent Clinic who completed a measure of HRQoL at each visit over the course of approximately 1.3(More)
[3H]Quinuclidinyl benzilate binding to rat brain muscarinic receptors decreased after repeated exposure to soman, a potent organophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor. The topographical distribution of this decrement was analyzed by quantitative receptor autoradiography. After 4 weeks of soman, three times a week, quinuclidinyl benzilate binding decreased to(More)
The antipsychotic drugs haloperidol and clozapine have the common action of increasing dopamine metabolism in the striatum (nucleus accumbens, caudate-putamen) of the rat. Intracerebroventricular administration of kainic acid (KA) produces neuronal loss in limbic-cortical brain regions which project directly or indirectly to the striatum. In the present(More)