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Erythrocytic stages of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum express four related papain-family cysteine proteases, termed falcipains. Falcipain-2 and falcipain-3 are food vacuole hemoglobinases, but determination of the specific roles of these and other falcipains has been incomplete. To better characterize biological roles, we attempted disruption of(More)
Neuroendocrine tumors can present as liver metastases before discovery of the primary tumor. Islet 1 and PAX8 have recently been proposed as markers for neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic origin. In this study, we compared the utility of Islet 1 and PAX8 in distinguishing pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors from neuroendocrine tumors of other sites and(More)
Adenosquamous carcinoma of the prostate is rare. Even rarer is the subsequent squamous metastasis or recurrence in which only the malignant squamous component is observed in some sites, with the adenocarcinoma present in other sites. We describe a case of squamous cell carcinoma presenting at the prostatic bed 6 years after radical retropubic prostatectomy(More)
Rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) can be classified by histologic pattern and secretory products. Recently, rectal NETs have been noted to exhibit immunohistochemical (IHC) positivity for Islet 1 and PAX8, which are generally considered markers for NETs of pancreatic origin. In this study, we sought to characterize the IHC staining profile of rectal NETs(More)
Neuroendocrine differentiation in the neoplastic prostate varies from foci of adenocarcinoma showing immunoreactivity to the pure small cell carcinoma, which correlates with poor prognosis. Widely metastatic disease in unusual sites is reported for small cell carcinoma, and rarely is the serum prostate-specific antigen level elevated. We report a case of(More)
Importance Patients with periampullary adenocarcinomas have widely variable survival. These cancers are traditionally categorized by their anatomic location of origin, namely, the duodenum, ampulla, distal common bile duct (CBD), or head of the pancreas. However, they can be alternatively subdivided histopathologically into intestinal or pancreaticobiliary(More)
Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) can often present with metastatic disease before the primary tumor is discovered. Metastatic lesions are generally classified as well differentiated and poorly differentiated for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. In addition, for well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (WDNETs), pathologists are expected to determine the(More)
In this study, we sought to determine the incidence of post-transplant complications including acute cellular rejection (ACR), infection, and post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) in mucosal allograft biopsies in patients with small bowel transplant at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed pathology reports from 5675 small bowel(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Most patients, even those who have received a liver transplant, achieve a sustained virologic response (SVR) to therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Little is known about the histologic features of liver biopsy specimens collected after SVR, particularly in patients who have received a liver transplant. We aimed to better(More)
To compare the utility of PAX6 and PAX8 as immunohistochemical markers for neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of pancreatic origin, we performed PAX6 and PAX8 immunostains on 178 NETs, including 110 primary NETs (26 pancreatic, 10 gastric, 12 duodenal, 22 jejuno-ileal, 10 rectal, 30 pulmonary) and 68 NETs metastatic to the liver (24 pancreatic, 1 duodenal, 37(More)