Jamie Kokko

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BACKGROUND In 2000, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine) (hereafter, FabAV), "for the management of patients with minimal to moderate North American Crotalid envenomation." Because whole-IgG pit viper antivenom is no longer available in the United States, FabAV is currently the only specific(More)
Until recently it has not been possible to compare directly the function of superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons. The present studies, using in vitro microperfusion, were designed to examine whether functional differences exist between proximal convoluted tubule segments of superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons. Electrophysiological studies showed that(More)
In a recent micropuncture study electrodes with relatively large tips (3 to 5 mu O.D.) and, hence, low tip resistances were used to measure the transepithelial potential difference (PD) across the proximal tubule of the rat kidney. The present study reexamines the PD of the distal tubule of the rat kidney using such electrodes. In contrast to previous(More)
Cortical and outer medullary collecting duct segments were dissected from human kidneys and perfused in vitro. The transepithelial potential difference was measured and found to be lumen positive +6.8 +/- 0.6 mV (n= 20). This lumen-positive potential difference was inhibited by ouabain and furosemide but not by acetazolamide. Replacement of chloride in bath(More)
Calcium transport was studied in medullary and cortical segments of the thick ascending limb of Henle perfused in vitro. 45Ca was added to the perfusate for measuring lumen-to-bath flux (JlbCa), to the bath for measuring bath-to-lumen flux (JblCa), or to both perfusate and bath for measuring net flux (JnetCa). In the medullary segment JlbCa exceeding JblCa(More)
The possibility that the rabbit collecting tubule is heterogeneous with respect to electrical and morphologic properties was examined in isolated segments. Collecting tubules from rabbits treated with desoxycorticosterone acetate were dissected from various locations within the cortex and outer medulla, and the transepithelial potential was measured. The(More)
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