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BACKGROUND In the absence of an efficacious broadly protective vaccine, serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis (MenB) is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia in many industrialized countries. An investigational recombinant vaccine that contains 3 central proteins; Neisserial adhesin A (NadA), factor H binding protein (fHBP) and Neisserial(More)
BACKGROUND An investigational vaccine against serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) disease containing 3 main recombinant proteins (factor H-binding protein, Neisserial adhesion A, and Neisserial heparin-binding antigen) has been developed. We evaluated the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a 3-dose course of this vaccine administered alone (recombinant MenB(More)
Naturally acquired protective immunity against Neisseria meningitidis is thought to partially explain the disparity between the high levels of carriage in the human nasopharynx and the rare incidence of disease. To investigate this immunity to Neisseria meningitidis at the mucosal level, in vitro cellular responses to outer membrane vesicle preparations(More)
BACKGROUND A novel multicomponent vaccine against meningococcal capsular group B (MenB) disease contains four major components: factor-H-binding protein, neisserial heparin binding antigen, neisserial adhesin A, and outer-membrane vesicles derived from the strain NZ98/254. Because the public health effect of the vaccine, 4CMenB (Novartis Vaccines and(More)
To test for immunologic memory after a single dose of meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccine in toddlers, 226 children 12-18 months old were randomized to receive 1 of 3 MCC vaccines, with a C polysaccharide booster 6 months later. The protein conjugate was diphtheria mutant toxoid in 2 vaccines (MCC-CRM(197)) and was tetanus toxoid in the third (MCC-TT).(More)
Widespread use of meningococcal AC polysaccharide (MACP) vaccines has raised concerns about induction of hyporesponsiveness to C polysaccharide. Whether meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccine overcomes any immunologic refractoriness following MACP vaccination in adults was investigated. University students vaccinated 6 months previously with MACP vaccine(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant forms of Neisseria meningitidis human factor H binding protein (fHBP) are undergoing clinical trials in candidate vaccines against invasive meningococcal serogroup B disease. We report an extensive survey and phylogenetic analysis of the diversity of fhbp genes and predicted protein sequences in invasive clinical isolates obtained in(More)
In order to plan for the wide-scale introduction of meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccine for United Kingdom children up to 18 years old, phase II trials were undertaken to investigate whether there was any interaction between MCC vaccines conjugated to tetanus toxoid (TT) or a derivative of diphtheria toxin (CRM(197)) and diphtheria-tetanus vaccines(More)
BACKGROUND 4CMenB (Bexsero), a vaccine developed against invasive meningococcal disease caused by capsular group B strains (MenB), was recently licensed for use by the European Medicines Agency. Assessment of 4CMenB strain coverage in specific epidemiologic settings is of primary importance to predict vaccination impact on the burden of disease. The(More)
Serogroup C meningococcal disease incidence and carriage declined rapidly in the United Kingdom after infant serogroup C conjugate vaccination was introduced in 1999, with catch-up vaccination for children under 18 years. Antibody levels and effectiveness waned quickly in children vaccinated at 2, 3, and 4 months of age. Therefore, in 2006, the current(More)