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Two experiments were conducted in which participants (N = 12, Experiment 1; N = 12, Experiment 2) performed rapid aiming movements with and without visual feedback under blocked, random, and alternating feedback schedules. Prior knowledge of whether vision would be available had a significant impact on the strategies that participants adopted. When they(More)
The spinal dorsal horn is the first level of the CNS in which nociceptive input from sensory afferents is integrated and transmitted. Although inhibitory control in this region has a crucial impact on pain transmission, the respective contribution of GABA and glycine to this inhibition remains elusive. We have previously documented co-release of GABA and(More)
The primary purpose of this experiment was to determine if left hand reaction time advantages in manual aiming result from a right hemisphere attentional advantage or an early right hemisphere role in movement preparation. Right-handed participants were required to either make rapid goal-directed movements to small targets or simply lift their hand upon(More)
In the present research the authors examined the time course of binocular integration in goal-directed aiming and grasping. With liquid-crystal goggles, the authors manipulated vision independently to the right and left eyes of 10 students during movement preparation and movement execution. Contrary to earlier findings reported in catching experiments (I.(More)
The authors investigated the integration of alternate disparate monocular inputs for binocular perception in 1-handed catching experiments (N = 14, 32, 22, and 15 participants, respectively in Experiments 1-4). They varied the no-vision interval between alternate monocular samples to measure catching performance, and they compared the alternating monocular(More)
The specificity of practice hypothesis was examined using a tracking task. In Experiment 1, visual or auditory feedback about performance was provided. Vision was more useful than audition early in acquisition. Performance gains found in acquisition were maintained during retention, but learning was specific only if the acquisition modality was visual.(More)
The base sequence of synthetic peptide nucleic acids (PNAs), novel antisense agents, was analyzed by positive-ion fast-atom bombardment tandem mass spectrometry (FAB-MS/MS). Upon high-energy collisional activation decomposition, PNA oligomers provided apparent MS/MS product ions resulting from specific cleavage along the PNA backbone.
In previous studies, we showed that peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes have significant advantages over conventional synthetic RNA or DNA probes in FISH procedures for detecting telomeric and trinucleotide repeat sequences. Here, we report that directly labeled PNA probes recognizing chromosome-specific repeat sequences are also powerful tools for detecting(More)
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