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Cell culture is an essential tool in drug discovery, tissue engineering and stem cell research. Conventional tissue culture produces two-dimensional cell growth with gene expression, signalling and morphology that can be different from those found in vivo, and this compromises its clinical relevance. Here, we report a three-dimensional tissue culture based(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the pattern of mRNA expression of all human matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) described to date in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and traumatic synovial membrane, in order to differentiate between a physiological tissue remodelling pattern and that associated with inflammatory tissue destruction. METHODS Analysis of SwissProt protein and(More)
Polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (PLOSL), Nasu-Hakola disease, is a globally distributed recessively inherited disease. PLOSL is characterized by cystic bone lesions, osteoporotic features, and loss of white matter in the brain leading to spontaneous bone fractures and profound presenile dementia. We have earlier(More)
Retinoid acid receptor-related Orphan Receptor Alpha (RORA) was recently identified as a susceptibility gene for asthma in a genome-wide association study. To investigate the impact of RORA on asthma susceptibility, we performed a genetic association study between RORA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vicinity of the asthma-associated SNP(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have disturbances in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. These are reflected in altered circadian rhythm of circulating serum cortisol, melatonin and IL-6 levels and in chronic fatigue. We hypothesized that the molecular machinery responsible for the circadian timekeeping is perturbed in RA.(More)
As an initial step to study the function of the gene encoding the human neuropeptide FF (NPFF), we cloned a 4.7-kb sequence from the promoter region. Primer extension and 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends revealed multiple transcription initiation sites. Northern blot analysis of the mRNA expression revealed a specific signal only in poly(A) + RNA from(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have altered circadian rhythm of circulating serum cortisol, melatonin and IL-6, as well as disturbance in the expression of clock genes ARNTL2 and NPAS2. In humans, TNFα increases the expression ARNTL2 and NPAS2 but paradoxically suppresses clock output genes DPB and PER3. Our objective was to investigate(More)
and The National Graduate School for Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering ACADEMIC DISSERTATION To be publicly discussed with the permission of the Medical Faculty of the University of Helsinki, in the large lecture hall (Iso luentosali) Work hard and try your best! If you then fail I am not angry.-my father-This thesis is based on the following original(More)
Objective—To define the pattern of mRNA expression of all human matrix metallo-proteinases (MMPs) described to date in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and traumatic synovial membrane, in order to diVerenti-ate between a physiological tissue remodelling pattern and that associated with inflammatory tissue destruction. Methods—Analysis of SwissProt protein and(More)
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